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Mon, 19 Nov 2018
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Star of David

Hidden documents that indicate the true borders of Israel and Palestine

Partition plan, UN 1947
© Unknown
Partition plan, UN 1947, with ’49 armistice delineated
I once believed that Israel has never defined its borders. It was one of those things that "everyone knows". I was corrected by the blogger talknic. Mondoweiss is privileged to have talknic as a frequent commenter, and many readers here will be familiar with the document to which he pointed me: the letter written by Eliahu Epstein, the representative of the Jewish Agency in Washington, to President Truman and to the State Department, on May 14, 1948.

Epstein's letter to Truman

In the letter, the Provisional Government of Israel formally requested the United States to recognize the new State of Israel which was about to be declared in Tel Aviv, effective one minute after midnight (6 p.m Washington time) when the British Mandate over Palestine ended. It begins (my emphasis
My dear Mr. President, I have the honor to notify you that the State of Israel has been proclaimed as an independent republic within the frontiers approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations in its Resolution of November 29, 1947.
(The full text is given in the link above, and also appears below.) The resolution referred to, UNGA Resolution 181, recommended the partition of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. The Zionist leadership had publicly accepted the Partition Plan, and this letter defines the borders of Israel to be those specified in the Plan (see map attached).

Comment: For more on Ben-Gurion's influence, see also:
To Zionists, the 'two-state solution' has always meant more ethnic cleansing


Archaeology

Ongoing Santorini excavation brings to light impressive new finds

santorini archaeology

Amphora jars found on Santorini
The ongoing research in Akrotiri on Santorini gradually has revealed a place of rituals, very close to Xesti 3, an important public building with rich fresco decorations on the southern boundary of the settlement.

According to archaeologists, the excavation finds are undoubtedly related to the perceptions and beliefs of the ancient society of Thera - as is the official name of Santorini - and generate essential questions about the ideology and possibly the religion of that prehistoric Aegean society.

Black Magic

Vampire of Lugnano: Researchers unearth 'extremely eerie and weird' ancient Roman grave

vampire of lugnano
© David Pickel / Stanford University
A rock was inserted into the deceased child's mouth to prevent them rising from the grave and spreading disease, researchers believe.
The discovery of a 10-year-old child's remains at an ancient Roman site in Italy is "extremely eerie and weird" evidence of "vampire burials," where steps were taken to prevent the deceased rising from the dead.

The skeletal remains, uncovered by a team of archaeologists from Italy, the University of Arizona, and Stanford University, incorporated a rock intentionally placed inside the child's mouth. Researchers believe the stone was part of a funeral ritual designed to contain disease - and the body itself - of the child who was possibly infected with malaria.

"I've never seen anything like it. It's extremely eerie and weird," said UA archaeologist David Soren, who has overseen archaeological excavations since 1987. "Locally, they're calling it the 'Vampire of Lugnano.'"

Comment: More from AncientPages.com
Similar burials (associated with a belief that the dead could rise again) have been documented in other locations, including in Venice, where an elderly 16th-century woman dubbed the "Vampire of Venice" was found with a brick in her mouth in 2009. In Northamptonshire, England, in 2017, an adult male from the third or fourth century was found buried facedown with his tongue removed and replaced with a stone.

"This is a very unusual mortuary treatment that you see in various forms in different cultures, especially in the Roman world, that could indicate there was a fear that this person might come back from the dead and try to spread disease to the living," Wilson said.



Sherlock

Deep under the covers: Some of the world's strangest spy sex scandals revealed

spy sex scandal
© Pixabay
Several FBI employees stationed in half a dozen cities across Asia have been recalled to Washington while the agency investigates allegations related to parties and interactions with prostitutes, it has been reported.

The exact nature of the allegations against the FBI personnel and where the incidents allegedly took place haven't been disclosed - although details on a number of historic sex scandals involving intelligence agency and military staff are widely available.

In Plain Sight

As Central Intelligence Agency chief 1953 - 1961, Allen Dulles oversaw some of the organization's most notorious and blood-soaked operations of the Cold War. However, he also found time to engage in innumerable affairs.

One such conquest was Queen Frederika of Greece, who in 1958 came to the US on a tour with her son, future King Constantine II - when visiting Washington, she discussed "spiritual values" with President Dwight D. Eisenhower in the White House, then visited Dulles at CIA headquarters. They'd been alone in his office for nearly an hour when an aide knocked - hearing no response, he entered, finding the office empty, but lascivious noises emanating the adjoining dressing room.

Comment: It just goes to show that despite how well trained and elite some may considered to be, many are still weak when it comes to the whims of their desires - and for some, it's probably part of the reason they're so good at their job in the first place: Also check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Florida School Mass Shooting: Gun Control, Mental Illness and the Criminal Mind


Boat

Ancient shipwrecks found in Greek waters help map trade routes

Amphorae underwater shipwreck
© Vassilis Mentogiannis/Hellenic Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities
Amphorae are seen at the sea bottom at a shipwreck site on the island of Fournoi, Greece, September 15, 2018. Picture taken September 15, 2018.
Archaeologists in Greece have discovered at least 58 shipwrecks, many laden with antiquities, in what they say may be the largest concentration of ancient wrecks ever found in the Aegean and possibly the whole of the Mediterranean.

The wrecks lie in the small island archipelago of Fournoi, in the Eastern Aegean, and span a huge period from ancient Greece right through to the 20th century. Most are dated to the Greek, Roman and Byzantine eras.

Although shipwrecks can be seen together in the Aegean, until now such a large number have not been found together.

Info

(Always) Ten years left to save the planet

headlines
Every ten years, climate scientists say we have ten years left to save the planet. Sometimes they want to save it from global warming, other times they say they want to save it from global cooling.


Fire

Exploded skulls and vaporized bodies: Pompeii finds reveal horror of Vesuvius eruption

pompeii skull
© Petrone et al. / PLOS One / CC BY 4.0
Red and black mineral incrustations detected in Herculaneum victims' skulls.
In 79 AD, thousands of Romans were killed when Mt. Vesuvius erupted over a period of two days, covering the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum and burying outlying villas like Stabiae and Oplontis. A new study suggests that the proximate cause of death for many people may have been immediate vaporization of body fluid with resulting skull explosions due to the intense heat of the volcano.

Writing last week in the journal PLOS One, a team of Italian researchers, led by Pierpaolo Petrone of the Federico II University Hospital in Naples, Italy, has revealed that numerous skeletons recovered from the waterfront chambers at Herculaneum were covered in mysterious red and black mineral residues. Based on mass spectrometry and microspectroscopy, the team hypothesizes that the residues represent iron from human blood that was exposed to extreme heat.

The so-called boat houses at Herculaneum where approximately 140 skeletons have been found were not excavated until the 1980s, as the massive site was buried underneath 20 meters of volcanic deposits. These skeletons were removed for laboratory analysis, and the bodies that tourists today stop to examine are actually fiberglass reproductions.

Comment: The evidence shows that Pompeii wasn't an isolated case, because similarly catastrophic events happened elsewhere at that time, as well as before, after, and, if current events are anything to go by, are likely to be reality for many of us in the very near future: Also check out SOTT radio's: Behind the Headlines: Earth changes in an electric universe: Is climate change really man-made?


Star of David

To Zionists, the 'two-state solution' has always meant more ethnic cleansing

David Ben-Gurion
© Arnold Newman
David Ben-Gurion
A Palestinian state has always been a fiction for Zionists. Therefore, the notion of partition in any form of historical Palestine was only ever endorsed by Zionists as a political-diplomatic means towards overtaking more territory and dispossessing more Palestinians.

To demonstrate this, I shall first go back to an early partition plan - that of the British Royal Peel Commission of 1937, to gradually reach our present day.

The British Peel Commission partition plan

The British Royal Peel Commission was constructed in order to determine the origins of the great tensions between what they would regard as "Jews and Arabs", following the onset of the Great Arab Revolt by Arab Palestinians of 1936 (which lasted until 1939).

Nuke

Declassified memo: US general prepped to nuke Vietnam behind President Johnson's back

Vietnam soldiers
© US Army/Reuters
Soldiers in Vietnam War
The commander of US forces in Vietnam had devised a secret plan to use nuclear warheads against the communist North during the Vietnam War, before President Johnson halted the ongoing preparations, declassified documents reveal.

General William Westmoreland, who commanded American military operations in the Vietnam War from 1964 to 1968 had authorized a nuclear weapons transfer to the Southeast Asian nation, before national security advisor, Walt W. Rostow, notified the White House, prompting President Lyndon Johnson to immediately cancel the secret deployment of weapons, which could have sparked World War III, the New York Times reports, citing declassified documents.

Finding themselves in a stalemate against the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) in the middle of the months-long Battle of Khe Sanh, Gen. Westmoreland devised a contingency scheme to use nuclear weapons should US forces be overrun by their enemy. The secret plan codenamed Fracture Jaw required the US nukes to get transferred from Okinawa, Japan to South Vietnam by the US Pacific command, under the leadership of Admiral Ulysses Simpson Grant Sharp Jr. The secretly planned operation was to be set in motion under a memo sent by Westmoreland to Sharp on February 10, 1968.

Archaeology

Dressing for the ages - ancient Egyptian style

tarkhan dress oldest woven garment
© UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology
The Tarkhan Dress likely was worn by a young or slim female member of the royal court, and then placed in the tomb as a funerary object. Although the bottom does not survive, it may once have been full-length.
Over the two-plus years Alice Stevenson has been curator of the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London, she has looked at the delicate cream-colored garment hundreds of times, wondering at both the fineness of its workmanship and its extraordinary age. Thought to date from nearly 5,000 years ago, the "Tarkhan Dress" was once part of a large pile of dirty linen cloth excavated by Sir Flinders Petrie in 1913 at the site he named Tarkhan after a nearby village 30 miles from Cairo. In 1977, researchers from the Victoria and Albert Museum, while sorting through the pile of textiles as they prepared to clean them, discovered the dress, remarkably well preserved. They conserved the fabric, sewed it onto a type of extra-fine, transparent silk called Crepeline to stabilize it, and mounted it for display. The dress came to be known not only as Egypt's oldest garment, but also as the oldest woven garment in existence. Yet in the absence of a precise original archaeological context - the mudbrick tomb in which the linen had been found had been plundered in antiquity - the exact age of the dress remained a subject of contention.