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Mon, 21 May 2018
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An attack from humans or mother nature? Sudden brutal deaths of humans 1,500 years ago discovered by archaeologists on Scandinavian island

Sandby borg
© BAIRUILONG/WIKIPEDIA (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Excavations at Sandby borg, an ancient ringfort on an island off Sweden’s southeastern coast, have uncovered evidence of a possible surprise attack and massacre of the site’s inhabitants around 1,500 years ago.
Club-wielding assailants struck the Scandinavian settlement with devastating violence, slaughtering at least 26 people and leaving the bodies where they fell. There, the bodies lay for 1,500 years until recovered recently by archaeologists analyzing clues about the Iron Age massacre.

It's unclear why the seaside ringfort of Sandby borg, on the Baltic Sea island of Ӧland, was targeted at a time of political turmoil following the Roman Empire's fall in Western Europe. Adults, teenagers and children died suddenly and brutally - their skeletons showing bones fractured by clubs, but no defensive wounds, say archaeologist Clara Alfsdotter of Bohuslӓns Museum in Udevalla, Sweden, and her colleagues. When the slaughter was over, the attackers left the sheep and other animals to starve and the valuables untouched, the scientists report in the April Antiquity. No one came back to bury the dead.

Comment: Perhaps this wasn't an attack by a separate group of humans, but rather an extreme weather event like giant hail or even a meteor/fireball catastrophe. That would certainly account for the fact that the valuables and animals were left untouched and other odd details in this story.


Question

Archeologist finds evidence of city which he believes is linked with Bible's King David

King david archaeology
A biblical bombshell has been discovered as archaeologists believe they have uncovered evidence of an ancient city linked to King David.

Historians believe they have uncovered a building some 30 miles from Jerusalem which is believed to have been part of the Biblical kingdom.

Archaeologists are divided over whether or not Biblical figures such as King David and King Solomon ever existed.

Professor Avraham Faust, co-head of the archaeological dig, said he believes this latest discovery further supports the case for the historical accuracy of the Bible.

He claims the latest discovery is clear to have been "part of the events in the Bible ascribed to the Kingdom of David".


Comment: The historical accuracy of the bible is much disputed - and with good reason: Judaism and Christianity - Two Thousand Years of Lies - 60 Years of State Terrorism


Comment: There doesn't appear to be any objective evidence at all that this could be attributed to King David. And this wouldn't be the first archaeological dig in that area that was done with preconceived ideas: Also check out SOTT radio's:


Snakes in Suits

The neoconservative path towards making an enemy of Russia

Stanley Fischer

Stanley Fischer
Part 1: It's been done to Russia before but this time will be the last
"Stanley Fischer, the 73-year-old vice chair of the U.S. Federal Reserve, is familiar with the decline of the world's rich. He spent his childhood and youth in the British protectorate of Rhodesia... before going to London in the early 1960s for his university studies. There, he experienced first-hand the unravelling of the British Empire... Now an American citizen, Fischer is currently witnessing another major power taking its leave of the world stage... the United States is losing its status as a global hegemonic power, he said recently... The U.S. political system could take the world in a very dangerous direction..." A Shrinking Giant, Spiegel Online, 9/11/2017
With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the creation of the so called Wolfowitz Doctrine in 1992 during the administration of George Herbert Walker Bush, the United States claimed the mantle of the world's first and only Unipower as well as its intention to crush any nation or system that would oppose it in the future. The New World Order foreseen just a few short years ago becomes more disorderly by the day, made worse by varying degrees of incompetence and greed emanating from Berlin, London, Paris and Washington. As a further sign of the ongoing seismic shocks rocking America's claim to leadership, by the time Stanley Fischer's interview appeared in the online version of the conservative German magazine Der Spiegel, he had already announced his resignation as vice chair of the Federal Reserve; eight months ahead of schedule. If anyone knows about the decline and fall of empires it is the "globalist" and former Bank of Israel president, Stanley Fischer. Not only did he experience the unravelling of the British Empire as a young student in London, he actually assisted in the wholesale dismantling of the Soviet Empire during the 1990s.

Biohazard

Army admits secretly conducting germ warfare at 239 locations across US, exposing thousands to deadly biohazards

bioterror
The U.S. Army has admitted that it secretly conducted at least 239 germ warfare tests in locations across the country, targeting unsuspecting Americans.

While the United States government claims to be horrified every time there are reports of a chemical attack that was allegedly carried out by the Syrian government, history serves as a reminder that the U.S. is responsible for carrying out a number of chemical attacks on thousands of unsuspecting Americans, and some of the innocent victims are still suffering from the effects today.

In 1977, the U.S. Army admitted that it secretly conducted at least 239 germ warfare tests in the open air in cities across the country between 1949 and 1969. The areas where the lethal germs were simulated on the public were typically in major cities such as Washington D.C., San Francisco, New York City, Key West and Panama City, according to a report the Army submitted to the Senate Health Subcommittee.

In the report, the Army insisted that the purpose of the tests was to study how biological warfare affects the public, in case it needs to defend against it. Calling tests "essential," the Army claimed it needed to "substantiate theories and fill knowledge gaps and to determine vulnerability to attack."

Comment: And this is to say nothing of what the US has and is now doing around the world:

Pentagon Biological Weapons Program Never Ended: US Bio-labs Around The World


Dig

Human origins are much more diverse than previously thought

human origin
© Giordano Poloni
Imagine visiting a tourist attraction in any major world city. There are people from all over - a Nigerian family, a Chinese couple, a German school party, and more. They all look very different from one another, which isn't surprising given that their ancestors have lived in far-flung parts of the world for generations. Yet, everyone alive today can trace their origins back to Africa, so there must have been a time when such physical differences didn't exist, right? Actually, no.

In fact, if you were to travel back to the very beginnings of our species and select a random group of humans, they would look unlike anyone living today in Africa or elsewhere. What's more, they would show extraordinary physical variation - greatly exceeding that in modern human populations. Far from becoming more diverse as we have adapted to life in different parts of the planet, Homo sapiens is more homogeneous today than our ancestors were.

This is a real puzzle. It simply doesn't fit with the long-held idea that we arose from a single population in a corner of East Africa. In fact, mounting evidence from fossils, archaeological remains and genetic analysis points in a new direction. Now researchers, including myself, are trying to work out what it all means: why our African forebears were so physically different from each other, and how our species lost the huge variety it once had.

Comment: See Also:


Dig

Ancient Peruvian skull binding practices may have conveyed community privilege

peruvian caves
© David Rodri­guez Sotomayor
Above-ground tombs at the cemetery site of Yuraq Qaqa, Colca Valley, Peru.
The idea of binding and reshaping a baby's head may make today's parents cringe, but for families in the Andes between 1100-1450, cranial modification was all the rage.

Like Chinese foot binding, the practice may have been a marker of group identity. Its period of popularity in what is now Peru, before the expansion of the Inca empire, was marked by political upheaval, ecological stress and the emergence of new cultural practices. In a study published in the February edition of Current Anthropology, Matthew Velasco, assistant professor of anthropology, explores how head-shaping practices may have enabled political solidarity while furthering social inequality in the region.

Velasco analyzed hundreds of human skeletal remains from multiple tombs in the Colca Valley of highland Peru and discovered that before 1300 most people did not have modified heads. He found that the number of individuals with cranial modifications increased over time, from 39.2 percent to 73.7 percent during the later portion of the Late Intermediate Period.

Comment: See also:


Dig

Site of largest mass child sacrifice in known history discovered in Peru

child sacrifice archaeological site
© Gabriel Prieto
Preserved in dry sand for more than 500 years, more than a dozen children were revealed over the course of a day by archaeologists. The majority of the ritual victims were between eight and 12 years old when they died.
Evidence for the largest single incident of mass child sacrifice in the Americas - and likely in world history - has been discovered on Peru's northern coast, archaeologists tell National Geographic.

More than 140 children and 200 young llamas appear to have been ritually sacrificed in an event that took place some 550 years ago on a wind-swept bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, in the shadow of what was then the sprawling capital of the Chimú Empire.

Scientific investigations by the international, interdisciplinary team, led by Gabriel Prieto of the Universidad Nacional de Trujillo and John Verano of Tulane University, are ongoing. The work is supported by grants from the National Geographic Society.

While incidents of human sacrifice among the Aztec, Maya, and Inca have been recorded in colonial-era Spanish chronicles and documented in modern scientific excavations, the discovery of a large-scale child sacrifice event in the little-known pre-Columbian Chimú civilization is unprecedented in the Americas-if not in the entire world.

Dig

6,000 year old ancient cave art found in Tennessee

cave drawing

The faded images in Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau are believed to be the most widespread collection of such art ever found in the U.S.


Recently archaeologists have discovered America's oldest cave and rock art that has remained hidden for more than 6,000 years in Tennessee. The faded images were found in Tennessee's Cumberland Plateau and they are believed to be the most widespread collection of such art ever found in the U.S. Cumberland Plateau contains 280 caves - 21 of which are described as 'extensive' in size. Researchers claim there are 71 known prehistoric cave art sites in the greater south-eastern USA.

Question

Was Tutankahmun's tomb originally built for a female Pharaoh?

The Wilbour Plaque
© Brooklyn Museum, New York.
The Wilbour Plaque is named for the early American Egyptologist Charles Edwin Wilbour (1833–1896), who acquired it in Egypt in 1881. This sculptor’s model depicts Akhenaten and Nefertiti – wearing the khat headdress and ovoid cap crown respectively – and shows the royal couple as equals; which is proof of the extraordinary status enjoyed by the Amarna queen.
One of the greatest enigmas in all of Egyptology is the location of the final resting place of Queen Nefertiti, a powerful royal personage of the late Eighteenth Dynasty. Barring pieces of a votive shabti that was probably placed in her husband Akhenaten's tomb, no funerary object from her burial has ever surfaced. The quasi-royal design of Tomb 26C within the Communal Tomb in Amarna (TA26) provides evidence that it was built for Nefertiti, but the unfinished chambers of this suite hint she was not laid to rest in Akhetaten. This can only mean one thing: Nefertiti's sepulcher lies elsewhere-and is probably intact.

The Tomb of Ankhkheperure?

Magnify

Did archeologists find evidence our ancestors hunted giant sloths?

prehistoric humans in present-day New Mexico hunting a giant ground sloth.
© Alex McClelland / Bournemouth University
An artist’s reconstruction, based on recently discovered footprints, of prehistoric humans in present-day New Mexico hunting a giant ground sloth.
When humankind entered North America, fifteen thousand years ago or more, it entered a world of giants-woolly mammoths, dire wolves, sabre-toothed cats, short-faced bears (effectively grizzlies on stilts). But, by the end of the Ice Age, about ten thousand years ago, the megafauna was mostly gone, driven extinct by the warming climate and, many scientists think, predation by us.

A paper in this week's issue of Science Advances offers tantalizing evidence of that grim process in action. Archeologists working at White Sands National Monument, in New Mexico, found a series of fossilized footprints made by giant ground sloths, lumbering behemoths that once roamed North and South America. The tracks date to between ten thousand and fifteen thousand years ago, when the region was much wetter than it is today. The giant sloth was herbivorous but nonetheless a fearsome creature-eight feet tall when standing on its hind legs, with long arms, and long claws extending from its padded feet.

Comment: The results aren't conclusive, because as the paper states timing is off and clearly much is open to interpretation - but if the meat was tasty, why wouldn't our ancestors have barbecued sloth?

For more on the happenings of that time, see: Of Flash Frozen Mammoths and Cosmic Catastrophes

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