Welcome to Sott.net
Mon, 12 Nov 2018
The World for People who Think

Secret History
Map

Eagle

NATO's Humble Nazi-Inspired Beginnings: How The West Implemented Hitler's Goals

Duke and Duchess of Windsor and Hitler

Welcome to Munich: the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, during a controversial visit to Germany, are greeted by Hitler in the city in 1937.
Who gave NATO the right to rule the world? This author elucidates how the Western elite, many of whom were Hitler supporters, rescued a vast number of Nazi hierarchy and placed them in positions to continue the many decades long fight against Russia. The One Percent of the time and the One Percent of today have sent millions to their deaths in formulating and enacting Winston Churchill's 1918 pledge to "strangle at its birth" the Bolshevik menace. Total control of the so-called mainstream media has furthered that odious task.
Many writers have documented how British and American elites bankrolled Hitler's rise to power and not until he turned his forces westward did they begin to mount defensive actions against the Third Reich. In Britain, elite members of The Right Club, often with government collusion, secretly supported Hitler's actions against the Jews and against communists and socialists. The Duke of Wellington was a noted anti-semite and a member of the Right Club. Edward the VIII, known as "the Traitor King" was close friends with Adolf Hitler and was forced to give up his throne, not because of Wallis Simpson, but because it was discovered that he was passing British war operations documents to the Nazis. The aristocracy, after all, have never submitted to sharing the wealth with the lesser classes and Adolf was equally amenable to those ends, the destruction of the untermenschen being foremost in Plan A of his conquest strategy for Europe and Russia.

Magnify

Evidence of oldest use of olives dating back 4,000 years found in Croatia and Italy

old olive tree

Evidence of the oldest olive groves in Croatia discovered
Archaeologists from Zadar have come across a variety of finds dating back to the Middle Bronze Age in the sea between the Isle of Ricul in the Pasman Channel and the coastal resort of Turanj, including numerous 3,500-years-old olive pits, which speak to the oldest olive groves along Croatia's Adriatic.


In northern Dalmatia, little was known about the Middle Bronze Age until archaeologists began underwater explorations several years ago.

Well-preserved organic material trapped in thick marine growth layers has provided them with data they can very rarely obtain on land, enriching the knowledge about Pre-Liburnian communities living there about three millennia ago.

The University of Zadar Department of Archaeology is conducting systematic researches in the area thanks to the financial support of the Ministry of Culture, among others.

Comment: It's not clear how olive pits constitute an olive grove, but, the claim for world's oldest use of olives continues as Smithsonian magazine reports:
4,000-Year-Old Jar Contains Italy's Oldest Olive Oil
olive oil oldest traces
© Archaeological Museum of Siracusa
Not only is olive oil at the heart of almost every dish that comes from the Mediterranean, the oil is used by cultures in the region as body wash, perfume, medicine and lamp fluid. In the Roman era, the commodity was so important that olive oil was collected as part of provincial taxes.

But just when did Italians begin squishing olives to extract the oil sometimes known as "liquid gold?" A new study of pottery fragments recovered from an archaeological site in Castelluccio, a village in the Apennine Mountains of central Italy, shows that oil was being produced in the region about 4,000 years ago. That pushes the timeline of the production of olive oil in Italy 700 years earlier than previously believed, reports Anne Ewbank at Atlas Obscura.

The story of the discovery of the Bronze Age oil itself goes back two decades. That's when archaeologists first uncovered the fragments of a jar in the Castelluccio site. According to a press release, conservators from the Archaeological Museum of Siracusa pieced together some 400 fragments found at the site to rebuild a 3-and-a-half foot-tall, egg-shaped jar with rope-like flourishes. They also restored two basins separated by an internal septum, as well as a large terracotta cooking plate.

"The shape of this storage container and the nearby septum was like nothing else...found at the site in Castelluccio," says historian Davide Tanasi of the University of South Florida, lead author of the study, published in the journal Analytical Methods. "It had the signature of Sicilian tableware dated to the end of the 3rd and beginning of the 2nd millennium BCE (Early Bronze Age). We wanted to learn how it was used, so we conducted chemical analysis on organic residues found inside."

Using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, the team discovered residue of oleic and linoleic acid, telltale signatures of olive oil. Nuclear magnetic resonance testing then helped them determine the age of the oil. "The results obtained with the three samples from Castelluccio become the first chemical evidence of the oldest olive oil in Italian prehistory," says Tanasi.

According to Daniel Dawson of Olive Oil Times, storage jars dating back to the 12th and 11th century BCE in southern Italy's Cosenza and Lecce previously held the record for holding the oldest traces of olive oil in Italy.

While the ancient oil is a big deal for Italy, it's only half as old as the world's earliest extra virgin. In 2014, archaeologists in Israel unearthed shards of pottery a mile from the city of Nazareth, which contained traces of 8,000-year-old olive oil, the oldest ever discovered.

While olive oil from the Bronze Age is long gone and would be rancid even if it did survive, it's still possible to taste some olives from the far distant past. An olive tree in Bethlehem is believed to be 4,000 to 5,000 years old while the Olive Tree of Vouves in Crete, as well as several nearby trees, are believed to be 2,000 to 3,000 years old.
See also:


Dig

300,000-year-old stone tools found in Saudi Arabia, when the area was a lush savannah

300,000 tool saudi arabia
Stone tools unearthed in Saudi Arabia's inhospitable Nefud Desert indicate that members of our genus Homo had ventured beyond the familiar borders of Africa and the Levant sometime between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago. And according to climate data captured in the bones of animals found at the site, the environment they moved into may not have been that different from the one they left behind in East Africa. That may help anthropologists better understand the role of environment-and the ability to adapt to challenging new landscapes-in shaping human evolution and global expansion.

The things they left behind

Archaeologist Patrick Roberts of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History and his colleagues recently discovered a handful of stone tools in a sandy layer of soil beneath the dry traces of a shallow Pleistocene lake at Ti's al Ghadah, in the Nefud Desert of northern Saudi Arabia. The soil layer dated to between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago, and it also contained fossilized remains of grazing animals, water birds, and predators like hyena and jaguar. Many of the bones seem to bear the marks of butchering by tool-wielding hominins.

Archaeologists had found other fossils at the site with possible cut marks, but, without stone tools, it's difficult to determine if a notch in a fossil rib was put there by a human hand and not another predator or natural process. The tools-six sharp brown chert flakes and a scraper-make a much clearer case. Roberts and his colleagues say they're the oldest radiometrically dated hominin artifacts in the Arabian Peninsula, edging out the previous contender by 100,000 years.

Comment: Evidently our climate is always changing and the human story is not as clear as was once thought:


Archaeology

Mysterious tunnel and funeral chamber found beneath Pyramid of the Moon near Mexico City

Pyramid of the Moon Mexico City
© INAH / Mauricio Marat
Archaeologists have discovered a mysterious tunnel and funeral chamber beneath the Pyramid of the Moon near Mexico City which was believed to represent a passageway to the ancient underworld.

The 15-meter-wide (50 ft) chamber, located around 8 meters (26 ft) under the surface is believed to have been used for sacred funerary rituals. An additional tunnel leading to the Plaza of the Moon was also discovered, opening at the southern end.

"These large offering (ritual) complexes are the sacred core of the city of Teotihuacán," archaeologist Verónica Ortega from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) in Mexico said in a press release.

Comment: More on the discoveries at Teotihuacan:


Ice Cream Bar

Chocolate was a treat 1,500 years earlier than thought

Chocolate
© Oswaldo Rivas / Reuters
It's time to rewrite the history of chocolate. Using both archaeological and genomic data, researchers have revealed that consumption of the now globally-loved ingredient started much earlier than thought - and has a different birthplace than many assumed.

Chocolate is a product of the cultivated cacao tree (Theobroma cacao), and evidence of both cacao domestication and chocolate use have been centered around Central America and Mexico. Found at sites and documented in numerous texts, chocolate - usually consumed as a drink or gruel - played a key role in several regional cultures going back about 3,900 years.

Additional archaeological material suggests it spread to the American Southwest by about 1,000 years ago.

Light Saber

New book details Audrey Hepburn's time as a Nazi fighter in the Dutch Resistance

Audrey Hepburn
© Bud Fraker / Wikipedia
Audrey Hepburn, 1956
Audrey Hepburn's unknown Nazi-fighting past will be revealed in a new bombshell book detailing the Hollywood icon's trauma after her uncle was murdered in World War II - and her time with the Dutch Resistance.

Content for the book was knitted together by using "Audrey's own reminiscences, new interviews with people who knew her in the war, wartime diaries, and research in classified Dutch archives."

The book, slated for release in April, tells of the discovery of a 188-page diary written by Hepburn's uncle, Count Otto van Limburg Stirum. He kept the diary during the four months he was imprisoned by the Nazis before he was murdered in 1942 - which the author claims traumatized Hepburn.

Safe

Century of Enslavement: The Long Sordid History of the US Federal Reserve

federal reserve
Click here to download an mp3 audio version of this documentary.

Click here to download an mp4 video version of this documentary.

Click here to watch this documentary on Bitchute.

Click here to download a color information pamphlet on The Federal Reserve (right-click and "Save Link As" to download).

Click here to download a black and white information pamphlet on The Federal Reserve (right-click and "Save Link As" to download).


Archaeology

Oldest weapons ever discovered in North America uncovered in Texas dig

pre clovis oldest weapons north america
© Texas A&M University
A 15,000 year old triangular blade.
Ancient tools that may give historians a glimpse into America's history were recently discovered just feet below the surface in Texas.

Researchers with Texas A&M University made the stunning discovery during a dig at the Debra L. Friedkin site, located just 40 miles northwest of Austin.

Archaeologists have been searching for artifacts at the site near Buttermilk Creek for more than a decade - but this may be their most important find yet.

Boat

World's oldest intact shipwreck discovered in Black Sea

oldest shirpwreck
© Black Sea map
A Remote Operated Vehicle (ROV) captures images of the 2,400-year-old merchant ship, which rests some 1.2 miles beneath the surface of the Black Sea.
Archaeologists say the 23-metre vessel has lain undisturbed for more than 2,400 years

Archaeologists have found what they believe to be the world's oldest intact shipwreck at the bottom of the Black Sea where it appears to have lain undisturbed for more than 2,400 years.

The 23-metre (75ft) vessel, thought to be ancient Greek, was discovered with its mast, rudders and rowing benches all present and correct just over a mile below the surface. A lack of oxygen at that depth preserved it, the researchers said.

Archaeology

Volcanic ash at Pompeii preserved beautiful, 2,000-year-old shrine

fresco pompeii
© Ciro Fusco/ANSA/AP Photo
An archeologist working on a fresco in a house discovered during excavation works in Pompeii, Italy.
Vibrant paintings adorn the newly excavated shrine.

Archaeologists have discovered an elaborate, perfectly preserved shrine in the wall of a house in Pompeii, the ancient Roman city on Italy's western coast that was destroyed nearly 2,000 years ago by the deadly eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

As many as 30,000 people are believed to have died in that famous natural disaster in A.D. 79, many of them killed instantaneously as they tried to escape or shield themselves from the deadly volcanic flow.

The Roman writer Pliny the Younger watched the disaster from a distance, and described it in detail in letters found in the 16th century. As he tells it, the cloud of rock and gas "shot up to a great height in the form of a very tall trunk, which spread itself out at the top into a sort of branches," casting the towns around it, including Pompeii and Herculaneum, into shadow as dark as night.