Secret HistoryS


Info

Undersea scans of 'Gateway to Europe' reveal astonishing detail of sunken landscape

Submerge Landscape
© Submerged Landscape Research Centre
The first ever hi-resolution archaeological underwater scans of the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Croatia have revealed the remains of an astonishing network of streams, rivers and other geological features, all of which were once above ground.

The discovery has been made by the Life on the Edge project, which is a collaboration between the University of Bradford's Submerged Landscapes Research Centre and the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of Split. A series of expeditions over the next five years will map parts of the Adriatic and North Sea, as they were between 10,000 and 24,000 years ago, when sea levels were around 100m lower than they are today.
Dr Simon Fitch,
© University of Bradford, UK
Principal investigator Dr Simon Fitch, pictured above, described the findings as "astonishing", adding: "The results provided way more detail than we were expecting.

"It's a more diverse landscape and it's better preserved than we expected. The unique environment of the area around Split, which is quite sheltered, has preserved a lot of it. There are beautifully preserved rivers and estuaries buried beneath what is now the seafloor."

Archaeology

Unprecedented evidence humans occupied 'lava tubes' could fill in gaps in the archaeological record

lava tube ancient caves saudi arabia
© Green Arabia Project via CNN NewsourceThe researchers enter Umm Jirsan, the longest lava tube system in the region.
People who lived in the Arabian Peninsula thousands of years ago went underground when they wanted to beat the heat, new research shows.

People who lived in the Arabian Peninsula thousands of years ago went underground when they wanted to beat the heat. Possibly stopping there as they traveled between oases and pastures, they ducked into vast subterranean tunnels where molten lava had once flowed millions of years earlier, according to a recent study.

Beginning in the Stone Age, Neolithic herders descended into and occupied these vast tunnels, known as lava tubes, archaeologists have discovered. Cooler air underground would have provided a welcome respite from the sun and wind, and for thousands of years, humans sheltered with their livestock in the tunnels. The herders left behind objects and even carved pictures on the rocky walls, researchers reported April 17 in the journal PLOS One.

Info

It's written in the stars - Assyriologist solves archaeological mystery from 700 BC in Iraq

Ancient symbols on a 2,700-year-old temple which have baffled experts for over a century have been explained by Trinity Assyriologist Dr Martin Worthington.

The sequence of 'mystery symbols' were on view on temples at various locations in ancient city of Dūr-Šarrukīn, present day Khorsabad, Iraq, which was ruled by Sargon II, king of Assyria (721-704 BC).

Assyrian Eagle and Bull
© From New York Public Library.Late 19th century drawings of the eagle and bull symbols published by French excavator Victor Place.
The sequence of five symbols - a lion, eagle, bull, fig-tree and plough - were first made known to the modern world through drawings published by French excavators in the late nineteenth century. Since then, there has been a spate of ideas about what the symbols might mean.

They have been compared to Egyptian hieroglyphs, understood as reflections of imperial might, and suspected to represent the king's name - but how?

Dr Martin Worthington of Trinity's School of Languages, Literatures and Cultural Studies has proposed a new solution in a paper published this month [April 26th] in the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. He argues the Assyrian words for the five symbols (lion, eagle, bull, fig-tree and plough) contain, in the right sequence, the sounds that spell out the Assyrian form of the name 'Sargon' (šargīnu).

Sometimes, the same archaeological site uses only three of the symbols (lion, tree, plough), which Dr Worthington argues again write the name 'Sargon', following similar principles.

Bad Guys

Odessa massacre 10 years on... Western media silence covers up NATO incrimination

Odessa Trade Unions House
© Photo: Public domainOdessa Trade Unions House
Ten years ago this week, a shocking and brutal massacre was perpetrated by supporters of the NATO-backed Kiev regime in Odessa.

At least 42 men and women were murdered on May 2, 2014, when the Trade Unions House in the historic port city was set ablaze by a fascist mob.

Comment:
1) The massacre at the Odessa Trade Unions House on May 2, 2014 was an important turning point for future developments. It was a warning to citizens, especially in the countries that kept silent about this tragedy, as to how much their governments and media are ready to underwrite without even batting an eyelid. A cursory glance at the more than one hundred article on SOTT, that discuss, or just mention the event in passing, reveal undercurrents that are now manifest in the global situation.

2) The article claims the western media has been silent, and several articles relate to this situation.
  1. A look at the false flag in Odessa and the pathetic U.S. media coverage
  2. How Western media protects the right-wing supporters of the new puppet regime in Kiev by covering their murders!
  3. Nazi sympathizers: Ukraine's political repression is 'downright funny' to Western media
  4. Complicit Western media totally silent about U.S.-sponsored genocide in SE Ukraine
  5. The German media and the massacre in Odessa
  6. Avoiding facts? MSM uncertain who is behind deadly Odessa blaze
  7. Best of the Web: 'Rigorous' Maidan massacre exposé suppressed by top academic journal
  8. The pathological falsification of reality in Ukraine by U.S. and NATO
  9. Best of the Web: Political repression and resistance in 'Democratic Europe'
  10. Ukraine neo-Nazi Far Right portrayed as heroes by Rupert Murdoch-owned Sky News
  11. How the Western Press has for years hidden Ukraine's neo-nazi war on Donbass
  12. Best of the Web: Ukraine on Fire: The Oliver Stone documentary the US Empire doesn't want you to see
  13. Best of the Web: Kiev livid as documentary revealing ugly truth about Maidan 'revolution' aired on French TV - EN subs (VIDEO)
  14. Western news blackout: The U.S. media ignores Putin's peace plan (13 May, 2014!)
3) Below is a mix of articles using various search strings applied to title, summary and text. First those that contain Odessa Trade Union (or Unions) House in the title, next those that mention these terms in the summary and last those that mention them in the main text. There is no system to the numbering, but it makes it easer to find and refer to them later, if needed.
  1. Leaked transcript reveals firefighters delayed response to Odessa Trade Union House fire
  2. Ukraine Interior Ministry's statement on Odessa fire 'cynical' - 46 people killed and over 200 wounded after radicals attacked Odessa's Trade Union House
  3. Apathy: Ukrainian nationalists sneer at Odessa Trade Union House victims
  4. Pro-West radicals set Trade Unions House on fire in Odessa, Ukraine - 39 people die
  5. Ukraine's neo-Nazis should face tribunal - Russia's top senator
  6. Flashback Best of the Web: As Ukrainians call for Moscow intervention, EU 'foreign minister' Catherine Ashton justifies Kiev junta bloodshed: "The state's monopoly on the legitimate use of violence needs to be respected"
  7. Flashback The Odessa slaughter: How a vicious mob burnt anti-government activists alive
  8. Ukrainian Neo-Nazis parade through Odessa on seventh anniversary of post-Maidan massacre in which dozens were burned alive
  9. Ukraine: Ultra right wingers stage torchlight march on day that Odessa residents mourn victims of 2014 massacre
  10. Vladimir Putin blasts western double-standards while standing next to Angela Merkel
  11. Remembering the horrific Odessa Massacre three years later
  12. Anniversary of Odessa tragedy: Kiev makes no progress to investigate it
  13. Fascist Ukraine disappears independent journalists and opponents of the Kiev junta
  14. Russian MP suggests Russia open its own international war crimes court to try Kiev junta
  15. The European Union wants Russia to bail out both the EU and Ukraine
  16. Odessa massacre probe falsified? Parliament inquiry member blasts 'redacted' results
  17. Our 'enemies' in Ukraine speak: People from the Donbass describe the atrocities there
  18. Odessa massacre victims did not die from smoke but died in seconds says emergency service chief
  19. Odessa and Mariupol massacres expose true face of fascist Kiev regime
  20. Odessa massacre 9 days on: Dozens still missing, residents commemorate the dead
  21. Odessa tragedy survivor tells how 'many people were strangled after escaping the fire'
  22. Lavrov says Odessa tragedy was 'fascism in action'
  23. Obama's bloodbath in Odessa - as guilty as anyone in Kiev
  24. The truth about what happened in Odessa, Ukraine: How Bandera psychopaths murdered, raped and burned people alive with the blessing of the Western powers
  25. Washington responsible for fascist massacre in Odessa
  26. Sevastopol declares 3-day mourning for Odessa fire victims
  27. Activists demand 'murderer' governor's resignation over Odessa bloodshed
  28. SOTT Focus: Shades of 911: US-backed anti-Russian attacks by 'Right Sector' in Ukraine sees 'jumpers' from burning building
  29. NATO's proxy war in Ukraine and Nazi-linked White Helmets
  30. An eyewitness recalls the 2014 Odessa massacre: 'An act of genocide'
  31. Eight years ago in Odessa
  32. CIA behind secret plots to kidnap, torture and assassinate Ukrainian dissidents for President Zelensky, says Ukraine defector
  33. Ukraine: The Second World War continues
  34. SOTT Focus: "One less traitor": Zelensky Oversees Campaign of Assassination, Kidnapping And Torture of Political Opposition
  35. Testimony reveals Zelensky's secret police plot to 'Liquidate' opposition figure Anatoly Shariy
  36. Flashback Burned alive: How the 2014 Odessa massacre became a turning point for Ukraine
  37. Sergey Poletaev: How incompetent leaders put Ukraine on the road to disaster
  38. What did Putin mean by 'denazification' of Ukraine and why is it so important?
  39. How a century of political violence in Ukraine is linked to the atrocities of today
  40. Repressions: A detailed list of a disturbing trend in the Ukraine
  41. 'Why did the Ukrainians have to kill us?': Refugees fleeing Donbass talk to RT
  42. 'We will never go back to Ukraine': DPR fighter jailed for his views by Kiev talks to RT
  43. Belligerent rhetoric & SS-style regalia: Who are Ukraine's Right Sector and neo-nazi Azov?
  44. Best of the Web: Joe Biden - the show is over! Revealing the tools and programming for implementing a sustainable US coup
  45. Ukrainian Deputy Renat Kuzmin: Zelensky's party has lost all legitimacy by blaming Russia for Odessa massacre
  46. New York Times reveals America's weapons-makers drive Trump impeachment
  47. Why are Ukrainian neo-Nazis joining the Hong Kong protests?
  48. Ukraine, Trump, Biden — The story behind the story of "Ukrainegate"
  49. Russian Embassy in US furious over Washington's silence over Odessa tragedy
  50. Message for progressive left: 'If you want to see real Nazis, come to Ukraine'
  51. Ukraine Immortal Regiment Victory Day celebrations marred by nationalist violence
  52. Ukrainian Nazi Azov leader threatens new Odessa bloodbath on May 9
  53. UN slams Ukraine for systemic torture, intimidation, rampant human rights abuses
  54. U.S. Government backs fascists who want to destroy Russia
  55. How the Elites in the US rile up its suckers with lies and propaganda
  56. Best of the Web: The reality of Kiev's repression of anti-fascism in Ukraine
  57. Delusional! Kiev's 'Joan of Arc' arrested - 19 year old Neo-Nazi involved in murder sprees, burglaries
  58. As Ukraine is defaulting Soros wants the EU to pay for his long-term investment
  59. Those maniacs! U.S. government is seeking any excuse to go to war with Russia
  60. The twelve clauses of betrayal written in the Minsk ceasefire agreement
  61. We see whose Security Council this is: UN ignores Russia's request for Odessa tragedy investigation
  62. Outclassed by Putin: Obama's war Against Russia backfires
  63. More evidence suggesting MH17 shot at from jet fighter
  64. Ethnic cleansing in Ukraine: Obama is the war criminal, not Putin
  65. 'Vote at gunpoint,' anyone? US keen to legitimize 'good' election in Ukraine no matter what
  66. Ihor Kolomoyskyi, the key man behind Odessa Massacre: His many connections to the White House
  67. SOTT Focus: Behind the Headlines: Lessons from collapse of USSR for USA: Interview with Dmitry Orlov
  68. Fascists from the Right Sector attempt to enter Europe's largest nuclear power plant in S.E. Ukraine
  69. Welcome to Nulandistan: A multimedia look at the hell the U.S. and EU have unleashed on Ukraine
  70. Powerplay and cover-up: Kiev protégé allegedly behind Mariupol and Odessa massacres leaked tapes reveal
  71. Mariupol industrialists to form people's patrols to ensure order in city and ask Ukrainian military to leave immediately
  72. Venezuela won't recognize Kiev authorities until free elections in Ukraine
  73. Editor of Executive Intelligence Review: US using Ukraine as excuse to provoke confrontation with Russia
  74. Kiev junta brought in 4,000 Right Sector fascists for Operation Odessa
  75. How the Odessa massacre went down: Genocide in Novorossiya and swan song of Ukrainian statehood
  76. Odessa police release 67 anti-govt activists after crowd surrounds police HQ
  77. Ukrainian army attacks eastern cities of Mariupol, Konstantinovka
  78. On the edge of war: Ukrainian military storms Kramatorsk, 1 dead, 9 injured
  79. Best of the Web: Anti-Russian ethnic cleansing operations underway: NATO-trained Right Sector fascists kill 10 civilians in East Ukraine, 40 in South Ukraine
  80. On the Russia-Ukraine crisis: A message from Abp. Viganò, former Apostolic Nuncio to the US
  81. The downfall of Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte
  82. SOTT Focus: Blowback: An Inside Look at How US-Funded Fascists in Ukraine Mentor US White Supremacists
  83. Putin tells Merkel Ukraine's Minsk peace process all but dead
  84. Best of the Web: The seven Furies challenging the Western Empire: China, Russia, Iran, Venezuela, Philippines, Yemen and populist movements everywhere
  85. Europe's technocrats fuming because Dutch voters don't want Ukraine in the EU
  86. Tactics of repression: The connections between Operation Jade Helm and the Ukrainian Far Right
  87. SOTT Focus: Behind the Headlines: Anti-Empire Report - Interview with William Blum
  88. Ukrainian parliament makes ignoring human rights official policy
  89. South Front, Ukrainian Crisis News: Poroshenko wants Donbass and Crimea, Kiev clamps down on Odessa
  90. Warlord gone mad - How Obama's aggression in Ukraine risks nuclear war
  91. Best of the Web: The rise of Western fascism
  92. Big trouble ahead: Analysis of Ukraine's parliamentary elections
  93. Best of the Web: How to start a war and lose an empire: Full-spectrum warfare against Russia, and why it's backfiring in every possible way
  94. World War 3 in the offing? US-NATO Geo-Political policy will lead to exactly that
  95. By the company you keep: Washington's top ten favorite terrorists
  96. Anti-Russia propaganda crumples to pieces: All evidence point that MH17 was not downed by a BUK surface-to-air missile!
  97. SOTT Focus: Asymmetric Warfare: MH17 False-Flag Terror and the 'War' on Gaza
  98. Best of the Web: The return of George Orwell and Big Brother's war on Palestine, Ukraine and the truth
  99. "False flag terrorism" to sustain America's "humanitarian" agenda
  100. Russian Parliament demands war crimes tribunal for Kiev authorities for bloodbath in Odessa



Star of David

Top Secret: In a 2018 letter, Netanyahu asks Qatar to fund Hamas

3 guys
© Dana Kopel/Mark Schiefelbein/ ReutersBenjamin Netanyahu • Sheikh Mohammed Thani • Yahya Sinwar
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged the government of Qatar to continue the transfer of money to Gaza, in a secret letter sent to the Qatari leadership in 2018 and only seen by a handful of people since. In the letter, Netanyahu explained that the funding would reduce the motivation of terror groups there to carry out attacks, would prevent a humanitarian crisis and was vital for preserving regional stability.

There are two different time periods for Qatari funding of the Gaza Strip, which allowed Hamas to grow from an insignificant terror organization into a military empire with battalions, an underground network of tunnels and the fire power of a small army.

Between 2007 and 2014, Qatar provided Hamas with funds, away from any international oversight or review. From 2014 on, funding from Qatar was coordinated with the United States and Israel.

The 2014 war in Gaza was the turning point. The U.S., UN, Israel and Qatar decided soon after the war to set up a new system in which $30 million would be delivered to the coastal strip by Doha each month.
Some $10 million was to buy fuel from Israel, needed to operate Gaza's power station, $10 million to pay the salaries of government employees, and the final $10 million was to be given in $100 stipends to some 100,000 Gazan families in need.
That was the time when the notion that Hamas would back away from its intent to destroy Israel as long as it accumulates governing and economic assets took root in Israel.

Design

Rare Roman dodecahedron found in England, purpose continues to baffle archaeologists

dodecahedron
© Norton Disney Archaeology GroupThe newly discovered dodecahedron photographed during the dig.
Roman dodecahedra are something of an enigma: there is no known mention of these 12-sided, hollow objects in ancient Roman texts or images.

First discovered in the 18th century, around 130 dodecahedra have been found across the Roman Empire, although it is interesting that the majority have been found in northern Europe and Britain, and none have been found in Italy.

Dodecahedra are quite intricate, featuring a number of round holes, with knobs framing the holes. It would have taken a very skilled craftsman to make them. They are made out of a copper alloy and would have been quite expensive, due to the amount of time and metal that was used to create them, which adds to their intrigue.

Comment: They certainly are intriguing, although there is solid evidence showing ancient civilisations had knowledge and technologies, as well as trade networks, previously not thought possible: According to Leonardo Da Vinci Botany:
For the ancient Greeks and Renaissance Neoplatonists, the Dodecahedron represented the entire universe, while the other Platonic polyhedra represented the four elements: earth (the cube), air (the octahedron), water (the icosahedron) and fire (the tetrahedron).
The design and location of the dodecahedra bring to mind the 5000-year-old stone balls of northern Europe, which also continue to baffle archaeologists:

Neolithic carved stone balls
© National Museums ScotlandSome of the 3D models of Neolithic carved stone balls found in Scotland, with the famous Towie ball at the center.
Of which it is said:
The carved stone balls have been taken as evidence of knowledge of the five Platonic solids a millennium before Plato described them. Indeed, some of them exhibit the symmetries of Platonic solids, but the extent of this and how much it depends on mathematical understanding is disputed, as configurations resembling the solids can naturally arise when fitting equal-sized knobs with minimal gaps onto the surface of a sphere.[citation needed] There does not appear to be much special attention given to the Platonic solid arrangements over less symmetrical arrangements of knobs over the balls, and some of the five solids do not appear.[16][17]



Butterfly

Roman snail dye found in UK for first time, and it's beautiful

snail pigment roman
© Frank GieccoAbout 12,000 snails were needed to make two grams of the precious pigment in Roman times, archaeologists said
A rare dye made from snails for the robes of the Roman elite almost 2,000 years ago has been unearthed at a cricket club.

The chunk of Tyrian purple, roughly the size of a ping pong ball, was dug up at Carlisle Cricket Club as part of ongoing yearly excavations.

A Roman bathhouse was discovered at the site in 2017 and in the last three years 2,000 items including pottery, weapons, coins and semi-precious stones have been found.

Lead archaeologist Frank Giecco said the find was of "international significance" and the first time the precious pigment had been discovered in the UK.

Comment: See also: And check out SOTT radio's:


Info

Experts say that the Stone of Destiny was a doorstep

Stone of Destiny
© Perth Museum, UK
The Stone of Destiny's recorded links to Scottish royalty date back almost 1000 years, and its origins are shrouded in mystery, with legends linking it to biblical heroes and ancient Egyptian pharaohs. But now a new exhibition celebrating the Stone of Destiny has revealed it may originally have been a doorstep.

Stone of Destiny also known as the Stone of Scone, and often referred to in England as The Coronation Stone.

The new theory comes after the Stone underwent scientific analysis prior to being moved from Edinburgh Castle to its new permanent home at Perth Museum, which opened last month.

A recent analysis of the 335-pound stone found that wear on the top of the historic artifact appears to have been caused by footsteps prior to its being used as the crowning stone of Scotland's monarchs at Scone, near Perth, in medieval times.

Alexander III's coronation in 1249 is the first known instance of the Stone of Destiny being used for a crowning ceremony. The story goes that it was covered in gold silk cloth, which covered up its heavily worn surface. Once more the stepped-upon surface was hidden as Edward Longshanks had it integrated into his throne at Westminster after plundering it. In 1996, it was formally brought back to Scotland and put on display alongside other Scottish regalia in Edinburgh Castle's Crown Room.

Stone of Destiny left Scotland again last year for a very brief stint back inside Edward's throne for the coronation of Charles III. Analysis carried out in preparation for its transportation to Westminster Abbey for the Coronation determined that the Stone was quarried from the Scone area, suggesting it may originally have been used in a nearby church or possibly a Roman building.

Info

7000-year-old settlement discovered in Serbia

A field campaign provides important new insights into the Late Neolithic period in Southeastern Europe.
Vokány site
© Fynn WilkesHere at the Vokány site (Hungary), the combination of standard methods, such as surface sampling and the latest geophysical technologies, provided the researchers from Kiel with important new insights into the Late Neolithic period in Southeastern Europe.
Together with cooperation partners from the Museum of Vojvodina in Novi Sad (Serbia), the National Museum Zrenjanin and the National Museum Pančevo, a team from the ROOTS Cluster of Excellence has discovered a previously unknown Late Neolithic settlement near the Tamiš River in Northeast Serbia. "This discovery is of outstanding importance, as hardly any larger Late Neolithic settlements are known in the Serbian Banat region," says team leader Professor Dr Martin Furholt from the Institute of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology at Kiel University.

Geophysics reveals a 13-hectare settlement structure

The newly discovered settlement is located near the modern village of Jarkovac in the province of Vojvodina. With the help of geophysical methods, the team was able to fully map its extent in March of this year. It covers an area of eleven to 13 hectares and is surrounded by four to six ditches.

"A settlement of this size is spectacular. The geophysical data also gives us a clear idea of the structure of the site 7000 years ago," says ROOTS doctoral student and co-team leader Fynn Wilkes.

Parallel to the geophysical investigations, the German-Serbian research team also systematically surveyed the surfaces of the surrounding area for artefacts. This surface material indicates that the settlement represents a residential site of the Vinča culture, which is dated to between 5400 and 4400 BCE.

However, there are also strong influences from the regional Banat culture. "This is also remarkable, as only a few settlements with material from the Banat culture are known from what is now Serbia," explains Fynn Wilkes.

Archaeology

Cranky to the end: Ancient scroll claims Plato spent his last night listening to music, criticized slave-girl flautist's 'lack of rhythm'

Plato
Plato was known for his theories on politics, poetry and ethics.
One of history's most influential philosophers, Plato was known for his theories on politics, poetry, knowledge and ethics.

And, thanks to a newly discovered scroll buried by Mount Vesuvius, we now know that the ancient Greek thinker was sharp in his criticisms until the very end, spending his last moments blasting a slave-girl flautist's 'lack of rhythm'.

The centuries old passages detail Plato's final hours and reveal that the philosopher, who was suffering from a fever, had been listening to music and welcoming guests before he died at the age of 80 or 81 in around 348BC.

Comment: