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Secret History


The US in Korea

Korean POW Camp
© Rare Historical Photos
A U.N. soldier (left) stands guard at prisoner of war enclosure where a great mass of communist troops line up after their capture somewhere in Korea on March 21, 1951. Source
Korea had been occupied by Japan for 35 years, but after being "liberated" by the US after World War II it was immediately divided, with the South controlled by a fascist dictatorship installed by the US military occupation. In many parts of the South, the Korean people openly rebelled against the US puppet dictator Syngman Rhee who was ruthless in suppressing dissent. Mass murder and torture were commonplace. Rhee slaughtered hundreds of thousands of Koreans with the full knowledge and support of American military "advisers". When the North attempted a re-unification of their country, Rhee carried out a long series of massacres of anyone in favor of a united Korea and, under the watchful eye of his US masters, slaughtered tens of thousands of political prisoners held in jails.
Bomber Planes over Korea
© Rare Historical Photos
Bomber Command planes of the U.S. Far East Air Forces rain tons of high demolition bombs on a strategic military target of the Chinese Communists in North Korea on January 18, 1951.
Then, in their quest to bring "freedom" to the Korean people, the US killed them by the millions and devastated the entire North of the country. William Blum tells us that "In the first three months of the war, the US dropped almost 40 million liters of napalm on the people and carpet-bombed Korean towns and cities on a massive scale. Literally thousands of small villages and their inhabitants were reduced to ash." American war crimes and crimes against humanity in Korea stagger the imagination.[1][2][3][4]5]

Incredible as this may sound, the US actually bombed every city, town and village in North Korea, leaving the greatest part of the surviving population homeless, and all the farms and food supplies destroyed with napalm. Unknown to most Americans, the US 'totally destroyed' North Korea. In its Korean War bombing campaign, the US 'burned down every town in North Korea'.[6]


Explore 1,400-year-old ruins, submerged in Eastern China - 'Atlantis of China'

Atlantis of China5
© Chinese National Geography
Deep in Qiandao Lake, between China's Five Lion Mountains, lie the mysterious ruins of two ancient cities, dating back to the Han and Tang dynasties. Known as the 'Atlantis of China,' the place is largely preserved intact even after centuries.

Qiandao Lake, also known as Thousand Island Lake, is a sprawling body of fresh water, covering 573 sq. km. The name comes from the fact that there are over a thousand islands in the lake.

The underwater city of Shicheng is a magnificent, mysterious time capsule of Imperial China. Shi Cheng - which means Lion City in Mandarin - was purposely flooded in 1959 to make way for the Xin'an Dam and its adjoining hydroelectric station.

This was a massive government project that forced 300,000 people to relocate their homes as more than 1,300 villages and tens of thousands of acres of farmland were flooded and submerged. In addition to the direct impact on the local residents, two ancient cities located in the valley at the foot of the mountain were also submerged into the lake.


Greek island temple complex reveals 'countless' offerings left by ancient worshippers

Ancient Artefacts
© Culture Ministry
Archaeologists excavating a hilltop sanctuary on the Aegean Sea island of Kythnos have discovered "countless" pottery offerings left by ancient worshippers over the centuries, Greece's Culture Ministry said Wednesday.

A ministry statement said the finds from work this year included more than 2,000 intact or almost complete clay figurines, mostly of women and children but also some of male actors, as well as of tortoises, lions, pigs and birds.

Several ceremonial pottery vessels that were unearthed are linked with the worship of Demeter, the ancient Greek goddess of agriculture, and her daughter Persephone, to whom the excavated sanctuary complex was dedicated.

The seaside site of Vryokastro on Kythnos was the ancient capital of the island, inhabited without break between the 12th century B.C. and the 7th A.D., when it was abandoned for a stronger position during a period of pirate raids.

Cell Phone

Night fury: Documents detail DHS project to give 'risk scores' to social media users

© Sopa Images/Contributor
Internal DHS documents reviewed by Motherboard provide more detail on a DHS plan to monitor social media for content related to terrorists, the illegal opioid trade, and foreign interference bots.

The Department of Homeland Security contracted the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) in 2018 to design methods for assigning a "risk score" to potential pro-terrorists accounts on social media, as well as identifying information of interest regarding illegal opioid supply chain and disinformation efforts, according to internal DHS documents reviewed by Motherboard. The project is dubbed "Night Fury," according to a report from the DHS Inspector General.

One of the documents reads: "The Contractor shall develop these attributes to create a methodology for developing a ranking, or 'Risk Score,' associated with the identified accounts. The Contractor shall develop tools to automate the identification process, documenting performance measures and metrics related to automating the identification process." The news signals DHS' continued focus on analyzing social media for a variety of purposes. These new documents come after Motherboard reported Customs and Border Protection (CBP) was using an AI-powered tool called Babel X to analyze travelers' social media at the U.S. border.

Blue Planet

Farming came to Africa 7,400 years ago with migrants from Iberia, ancient genomes suggest

Kaf Taht el-Ghar
© Juan Carlos Vera
View of the site Kaf Taht el-Ghar (KTG).
A genomic analysis of ancient human remains from Morocco in northwest Africa revealed that food production was introduced by Neolithic European and Levantine migrants and then adopted by local groups. A research team from Sweden, Spain and Morocco present their results in Nature.

In northwestern Africa, lifestyle transitioned from foraging to farming some 7,400 years ago, but what sparked that change remained unclear. Previous studies support conflicting views: that migrant European Neolithic farmers brought the new way of life to North Africa, or that local hunter-gatherers adopted farming practices.

"We found a remarkable population continuity up until seven and a half thousand years ago in northwestern Africa, where a group of local foragers had been living — isolated — for at least 8,000 years, perhaps since much further back in time," says Professor Mattias Jakobsson, Uppsala University, who led the study.

Comment: See also:

Blue Planet

Mysterious homo naledi species may have been the first to bury their dead

Homo naledi
© JON FOSTER, Nat Geo Image Collection
An Homo naledi group carry one of their dead into Rising Star cave in this artist's depiction. New evidence that these small-brained hominins may have practiced deliberate burial throws a curve into current thinking on human evolution.
An extinct human species that lived hundreds of thousands of years ago may have deliberately buried its dead and carved meaningful symbols deep in a South African cave — advanced behaviors generally deemed unique to Neanderthals and modern Homo sapiens. If confirmed, the burials would be the earliest yet known by at least 100,000 years.

The claims, made today in two research papers uploaded to the preprint server bioRxiv, were also announced by paleoanthropologist Lee Berger at a conference at Stony Brook University in New York.

The publications come eight years after Berger first reported the discovery of a new hominin species inside the Rising Star cave system 25 miles northwest of Johannesburg. Named Homo naledi, the species is characterized by its small size — including a brain roughly a third the size of today's humans — and a baffling mix of very old and relatively modern anatomical features.

Comment: See also: Ancient skull uncovered in China could be million-year-old Homo erectus


3D scans shed new light on mysterious Roman burial practice

Archaeologists in York have used 3D scans to study the Roman burial practice of pouring liquid gypsum over the bodies of adults and children laid to rest in coffins - the first time this cutting-edge technology has been applied to Roman burials of this type anywhere in the world.

3D SCanning
© University of York
A key component of the York project is the 3D scanning of the negative cavities in the gypsum casings.
Researchers say the "unparalleled" 3D images have shed new light on this intriguing and unusual burial practice.

For reasons archaeologists do not entirely understand, the Romans sometimes poured liquid gypsum - a mineral used in making various types of cement and plaster - over the clothed bodies of adults and children in lead or stone coffins before burying them.

As the gypsum hardened around the bodies and they then broke down, a negative cavity formed that preserved the original position and contours of the dead. The imprint of shrouds, clothing, and footwear also survives in the gypsum, providing precious evidence for perishable materials that rarely survive in Roman graves.


Scientists discover 4 new Nazca geoglyphs using AI deep learning

New geoglyphs
© Yamagata University / IBM Japan
Scientists from Japan used AI deep learning to discover new geoglyphs in the Arid Peruvian coastal plain, in the northern part of Peru's Nazca Pampa.

The research has been ongoing since 2004 by a team from Yamagata University, led by Professor Makato Sakai. Yamagata University has been conducting geoglyph distribution surveys using satellite imagery, aerial photography, airborne scanning LiDAR, and drone photography to investigate the vast area of the Nazca Pampa covering more than 390 km2.

The Nazca Lines are thought to have been made over centuries, starting around 100 BC by the Nazca people of modern-day Peru. They were first studied in detail in the 1940s, and by the time they were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994, around 30 were identified. They're remarkably well-preserved considering their age, helped by the desert's dry climate and winds that sweep away the sand but are being obscured by floods and human activity.

Archaeologists discovered 142 new designs in the desert over the course of ten years by manually identifying them using aerial photography and on-site surveying. Then, in collaboration with IBM Japan researchers, they used machine learning to search the data for designs that had been missed in previous studies.


15th century manuscript discovered that records 500 year-old standup comedy routine

manuscript 15th century comedy
© University of Cambridge via SWNS
While this old parchment page may look like one out of a wizard’s spellbook, it’s actually what scholars believe to be the world’s oldest recorded stand-up comedy routine.
In the year 1,480, a household cleric and tutor to a noble family named Richard Heege went to a feast where there was a minstrel performing a three-part act. Heege recorded as much as he could remember, opening with "By me, Richard Heege, because I was at that feast and did not have a drink."

That is illustrative of where the story goes from there — a performance relevant to the humor enjoyed in Britain today, and one which colors the high Middle Ages as a time of artistic liberty, social mobility, and vigorous nightlife.

Heege's booklet contains three texts gleaned from the jester's material: a Hunting of the Hare story featuring a killer rabbit, a mock sermon in prose in which three kings eat so much that 24 bulls explode out of their stomachs and begin sword fighting, and an alliteration nonsense verse entitled The Battle of Brackonwet.


Civilization-tracing project authenticates China's 5,000-year history

© Hang Dachuan/Global Times
The study of the origin, formation, development, as well as the characteristics, mechanisms, and traits of Chinese civilization attracts great attention worldwide.

For a long time, some people held a skeptical attitude toward China's 5,000 years of civilization due to a lack of systematic data. Since its launch in 2001, the project to trace the origins of Chinese civilization has made significant achievements in restoring historical truth, countering skepticism, and presenting new evidence from archaeological excavations and scientific research.

The project has demonstrated how China developed its own unique path toward civilization through its unyielding determination and willpower. Studies have shown that around 5,800 years ago, the development in the complexity of prehistoric societies in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River and Yangtze River and the west of Liaohe River basin accelerated, showing signs of the origin of civilization. For example, the Hongshan Culture in the west of Liaohe River basin formed a ceremonial and sacrificial center with stone altars, temples, and tombs, showing clear social differentiation and a theocracy-dominated regional civilization.

Starting 5,300 years ago, various regions in ancient China successively formed early states and entered the first stages of civilization. For example, the Liangzhu culture was characterized by mature rice farming, large-scale construction projects, exquisite pottery, jade wares, ivory scepters and textiles. The vast area had common spiritual beliefs, economic forms and a unified society, which formed the centralized social structure and the initial form of a "monarchy state."