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Secret History

Blue Planet

Neanderthal hunting strategies unchanged over millennia despite repeated climate change


Neanderthals were a species of archaic humans that lived in Europe and Asia from around 400,000 to 40,000 years ago.
Neanderthals were a species of archaic humans that lived in Europe and Asia from around 400,000 to 40,000 years ago.

The remains of hunted animals at Combe-Grenal, France, showed that they were consistently sourced from open tundra-like habitats.

A study conducted by Emilie Berlioz of CNRS/Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès and colleagues, and published in the journal PLOS ONE, has found that Neanderthals in Combe-Grenal, France, favored hunting in open environments and maintained this strategy despite periods of climatic change. This research was part of the ANR DeerPal project and provides valuable insight into the hunting habits of Neanderthals in this region.

For many millennia during the Middle Palaeolithic, from around 150,000 to 45,000 years ago, the Neanderthals made Combe-Grenal in France their home. These ancient humans hunted the local animals, whose remains have been discovered at the site. The region underwent frequent fluctuations in climate and environmental conditions during the Neanderthals' occupancy, affecting the behavior of the local wildlife.

Comment: It's notable that the history of the Neanderthal's reveal little innovation throughout, and across the board.

See also:

Blue Planet

Evidence of 3,500 year old brain surgery uncovered at Tel Meggido in Israel

Tel Megiddo
© Kalisher et al., PLoS One, 2023
An individual buried in a Bronze Age grave in Tel Megiddo, Israel.
A Late Bronze Age grave in the archaeological site of Meggido, Israel, has presented researchers with a rare example of delicate cranial surgery that could be the earliest of its kind in the Middle East.

In 2016, archaeologists excavated a pair of tombs in the domestic section of a palace in the famous Biblical city, uncovering the remains of two individuals buried together nearly 3,500 years ago.

Now researchers from institutions in the US and Israel have published the results of an analysis of their skeletons, revealing a tragic tale of two brothers whose affluence wasn't enough to save them from an early death.

Comment: See also:


6,000-year-old settlement was home to Europe's first megalithic monument makers

Ancient Buildings
© Antiquity (2023). DOI: 10.15184/aqy.2022.169
Archaeologists in France unearthed the remains of a series of wooden buildings within a defensive enclosure that were built at the same time as the first stone monuments were being erected.

People in west-central France built a variety of megalithic monuments during the Neolithic period, including mound-like barrows and "dolmens" — a type of single-chamber tomb supported by two or more upright megaliths. While these stone monuments are visible and have withstood the test of time, traces of their homes have been more difficult to find — until now.

Now, Dr. Vincent Ard from the French National Center for Scientific Research. and a team of researchers working in the Charente department has identified the first known residential site belonging to some of Europe's first megalithic builders.

"It has been known for a long time that the oldest European megaliths appeared on the Atlantic coast, but the habitats of their builders remained unknown," said Dr. Vincent Ard.

Since it was first found during an aerial survey back in 2011, the enclosure at Le Peu, in the commune of Charmé, has been the focus of an intense investigation.

The results of this work, published in the journal Antiquity, revealed a palisade encircling several timber buildings built during the fifth millennium BC.

Red Flag

How China banned George Soros CIA-affiliated color revolution machine in 1989

George Soros
Do you think that both George Soros and China represent threats to your freedom and democratic values?

Do you think that the US government suffered a regime change in 2020, but don't understand how Anglo-American intelligence agencies orchestrated it?

Did you know that China kicked out George Soros in 1989 and purged his minions of CIA-connected fifth columnists over the ensuing decades?

Why do George Soros and Steve Bannon sound so different on so many points, except when it comes to China which both representatives of the "left" and "right" agree must be put through a regime change in order to preserve "democratic liberal values"?

In this Canadian Patriot Press documentary produced by Jason Dahl, written by Matthew Ehret and narrated by Cynthia Chung, you will be introduced to the deeper reasons for Trump's overthrow in 2020 and the broader strategic alliance of a US-Russia-China partnership against globalism which Donald Trump was bringing into reality.

Blue Planet

Earliest use of hallucinogen Ayahuasca detected in Andean mummies dated to 750AD

andean mummy
© Dagmara Socha
Mummified remains
Analysis of hair from 22 mummies found in southern Peru has revealed the earliest known use of San Pedro cactus, a source of mescaline, and the psychoactive plants that make up the drug ayahuasca. The majority of the mummies were unearthed in Cahuachi, a religious center used by the Nazca people starting around 100 B.C. Coca plants and the Banisteriopsis caapi plant, better known as the liana vine, are among the substances detected in the mummies' hair.

The plants are not native to the region and were probably transported across the Andes Mountains. Researchers found that the drugs of choice changed over time. Ayahuasca and mescaline became less favored and coca consumption became more common after the Wari Empire conquered the Nazca around A.D. 750.

Comment: The earliest evidence for the use of some stimulants and hallucinogens is interesting because one wonders whether there was a particular reason for why they suddenly came into use. It's even more curious in the case of ayahuasca, because preparation of the concoction requires 2 otherwise mundane looking plants which must be prepared together, over an extended period of time, in order for their effect to be felt:

Arrow Up

Vampires don't let up

Beheaded People by French
© Stalker Zone
On French television, with true French charm, they discuss the future ethnic cleansing of the Russian population of Crimea, which should be carried out by Ukrainian murderers under the west's wing. At the same time, they easily and easily come up with excuses for such ethnic cleansing - the alleged "deportation" of the Ukrainian population from the Russian Crimea.

It is generally recommended to believe those who promise to kill you.

In the past 30 years alone, France has been directly responsible for a considerable number of acts of genocide and ethnic cleansing.

In Rwanda in 1994 armed and trained by the French, Hutu forces, including the Rwandan army itself, destroyed most of the Tutsi nation, up to a million people. Parisian "human rights" activists intervened only when the Tutsi rebels were able to defeat the Hutu armed groups. And the French Foreign Legion carried out Operation Turquoise, creating a safe zone for Hutu extremists - organisers and perpetrators of genocide.

In Serbian Krajina in 1994-1995. The French armed forces, including air and ground units, supported the Croatian army's actions against the area historically inhabited by Serbs. This culminated in Operation Oluja (Storm), during which 250,000 Serbs were expelled and thousands of Serbs were killed or missing.


Royal Sumerian palace and temple uncovered in ancient Girsu, Iraq

Reconstruction of the palace
© British Museum
Reconstruction of the palace.
Girsu was a city of the Sumer, one of the earliest known civilisations in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia. Occupation at Girsu dates from the Early Dynastic period (2900-2335 BC), emerging as the capital of the Lagash Kingdom, and a major administrative centre during the Ur III period (2112-2004 BC).

Girsu was discovered during the 19th century, with the first excavations being conducted in the 1880s by the French archaeologist, Ernest de Sarzec.

These early excavations uncovered the famous Stele of the Vultures (the earliest known war monument), that dates from the Early Dynastic IIIb period (2600-2350 BC) and commemorates the victory of king Eannatum of Lagash, over Ush, king of Umma.


2,400-year-old flush toilet unearthed in China

Ancient Flush Toilet
© China Daily
Broken parts of the toilet, including a bent pipe, were unearthed from the Yueyang archaeological site in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, last summer and pieced together for months before researchers released details on Wednesday.
A manual flush toilet, dating back 2,400 years, has piqued the interest of archaeologists who are trying to find out what people ate during that time by analyzing soil samples collected from it.

Broken parts of the toilet, including a bent pipe, were unearthed from the Yueyang archaeological site in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, last summer and pieced together for months before researchers released details on Wednesday.

Discovered amid the ruins of a palace in the ancient Yueyang city, the toilet is believed to have been used by Qin Xiaogong (381-338 BC) or his father Qin Xian'gong (424-362 BC) of the Qin Kingdom during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), or by Liu Bang, the first emperor of the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220). The palace was possibly used for administrative affairs.

A "luxury object" such as a flush toilet would only be used by very high-ranking members of the society during that time, according to Liu Rui, a researcher at the Institute of Archaeology at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, who was part of the excavation team at Yueyang.

"It is the first and only flush toilet to be ever unearthed in China. Everybody at the site was surprised, and then we all burst into laughter," he said.

The toilet bowl was placed indoors, with the pipe leading to an outdoor pit, he said, adding that servants probably poured water into the toilet every time it was used.


Saudi Archaeologists have discovered a pre-Islamic Musnad inscription and a bronze bullhead

Bronze Age Bull head
Saudi archaeologists have discovered the longest pre-Islamic Musnad inscription -of the ancient south Arabian script- and three gold rings and a bronze bull's head at the Al Ukhdud excavation site in the Najran region.

The Kingdom's Heritage Commission announced on its official Twitter account that archaeologists have unearthed pre-Islamic artifacts in a region in southern Saudi Arabia.

The commission stated that the discoveries "shed a unique light on the ancient culture" that was present in southern Saudi Arabia. The commission called the discovery "exciting" and the finds "rare".


After 15 years of 'independence', it is clear that Kosovo was a stepping stone for NATO's imperial goals

© Dimitar Dilkoff/AFP
Flags wave in Kosovo
Similar to Ukraine, Serbia's breakaway province is an exercise in the 'rules-based order', where rules are made up for the convenience of Western powers...

On February 17, 2008, a group of US-backed "democratic leaders" headed by a former Western-sponsored terrorist declared the independence of Serbia's breakaway province of Kosovo and Metohija (its full legal name under Serbia's constitution).

It seemed oh so simple and straightforward at the zenith of the "unipolar moment," and Kosovo Albanians were "confidently awaiting Western recognition for their state despite the anger its secession provoked in Serbia and Russia's warnings of fresh Balkan unrest," as a Reuters report drily noted.

Their confidence was more than justified, as 22 of 27 EU and 26 of 30 NATO member states eventually recognized this unilateral act of secession, pulling along many other smaller, mostly Western-dependent countries to follow suit. UN Security Council Resolution 1244, according to which the province is to remain an autonomous province of Serbia pending a mutually agreed final settlement, was ignored, just as the UN and international law were ignored in the spring of 1999, when NATO unilaterally engaged in a 78-day bombing campaign against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, under the familiar pretext of protecting "democracy, human rights and the rule of law." This resulted in NATO's military occupation of the province that lasts to this day.

The case of "independent Kosovo" is in many ways the perfect embodiment of the post-Cold War West's "rules-based order." In contrast to international law, which derives from the UN Charter and numerous universally accepted post-WWII treaties and agreements, the "rules-based order" is pretty much anything its propagators deem it to be in accordance with their political interests du jour.

As Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov put it:
"'These 'rules' are 'created from scratch for each particular case. They are written within a narrow circle of Western countries and palmed off as the ultimate truth.'"