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Norwegian man stumbles upon 'unique' early Viking sword: 'Thought it was scrap metal'

viking sword norway
© Vegard Høystad-Lunna
The sword was very well preserved, and probably dates from early Viking times.
A 'bent and rusty" metal object found by a Norwegian detectorist turned out to be a well-preserved thousand-year-old sword dating from the early Viking Age.

A Norwegian metal detector enthusiast has found a 1,200-year-old sword while roaming the fields in Innlandet County, national broadcaster NRK reported.

When the device first went off over an iron object some 10 centimetres below the surface, Vegard Høystad-Lunna was, by his own admission, uninpressed as he thought it was scrap metal. However, when a closer look indicated that the object he described as "bent and rusty" was of oblong shape, he decided to take dig deeper.

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Blue Planet

Adapt 2030 Ice Age Report: Civilization timelines are off

Civilization time lines are off
© YouTube/Adapt 2030 (screen capture)
New finds that tons of grain were transported between the Fertile Crescent (Middle East) and Eastern China 5000+ years ago before trade routes were established is making academia question the official time line of history. Additionally the mega city of Nebelivka, Ukraine which was over a mile wide, housed 15,000 people and had roads 5200 years ago with industrial agriculture before animals were used to plow fields. These civilizations were Sun worshipers. Greenland melt season stops a month early in 2020.


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Eye 2

How MI6 and CIA recruited army generals and bribed politicians in preparation for 1953 Coup in Iran

Iran coup 1953 military
© Associated Press
Iranian army troops and tanks stand in front of Central Police headquarters after the attempted coup d'etat against Iranian Premier Mohammad Mossadeq in Tehran, Iran, Aug. 16, 1953.
In the 1950s Iran was one of the world's biggest oil producers and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company - which later became BP - owned the concession to drill oil there. So when Iran threatened to nationalise it Britain and the US took covert action.

An account by one of MI6's top spies in the Middle East has revealed how Britain conspired with the United States to bring down the Iranian prime minister, Mohammad Mossadeq in 1953.

After a military coup Mossadeq was put on trial and remained under house arrest until his death 14 years later.

Comment: A sordid business that was so successful, Dulles attempted to replicate it in other countries the US felt needed "guidance".


Star of David

Israel's secret plan to ship 60,000 Palestinians to Latin American dictatorship revealed in declassified documents

israel
© KEYSTONE-FRANCE/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images
Unclassified documents of a secret Israeli meeting held 51 years ago reveal plans of a massive transfer of Palestinians to Paraguay — a program that prompted a PLO terror attack.
Unclassified minutes of a secret Israeli cabinet meeting held 51 years ago reveal that Israel planned a massive transfer of Palestinians from the Gaza Strip to the tiny Latin American country of Paraguay.

The protocols of the May 1969 government vote exposed an Israeli-Paraguayan agreement to "encourage the emigration" of 60,000 Palestinians from territories Israel captured during the 1967 Six-Day War.

The transcript, revealed on Tuesday, detailed each nation's commitments, including Israeli funding for flights transferring Palestinians who agreed to leave the Gaza Strip, a $100 grant per deportee, and a payment of $33 per person to the Paraguayan government, which in turn promised the refugees permanent residence and a four-year path to citizenship.

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Info

4,500-year-old 'woodhenge' discovered in Portugal

Circle in Portugal
© Era Arqueologia SA. company
Only one-third of the circle has been excavated so far, so archaeologists created this projection to give a better sense of its size. The portion that has been excavated is shown at far left. Archaeologists estimate the circle to be about 66 feet (20 meters) in diameter.
The remains of several timber circles constructed over 4,500 years ago have been discovered at the Perdigões complex archaeological site in Portugal.

Though some news outlets have described the circles as a "woodhenge," akin to the famous Neolithic monument of Stonehenge, archaeologists prefer not to call it that - instead referring to them a "Timber Circles." While the archaeologists prefer a different name the design is similar with wooden posts encircling an area.

"We interpret it as a ceremonial place and prefer to refer to it as timber circles," said António Valera, an archaeologist with the Era Arqueologia company, who is leading excavations at the site.

Only about a third of the timber circles have been excavated so far, and only post holes and ditches from the circles remain. There is an opening in the Timer Circles that appears to be aligned to the summer solstice — the longest day of the year — Valera told Live Science.

Map

World's oldest camp bedding found in South African cave - thought to be 200,000 years old

africa mountain
© A. Kruger
Border Cave extends deep into the mountains on South Africa’s border with Eswatini.
Border Cave is a deep gash in a cliff face, high in the Lebombo Mountains of South Africa. Sheltered from the elements, the spot has yielded bones, tools, and preserved plant material that paint a detailed picture of the lives of human inhabitants for more than 200,000 years. Now, there's a new sketch emerging: Plant remains point to evidence that the cave's occupants used grass bedding about 200,000 years ago. Researchers speculate that the cave's occupants laid their bedding on ash to repel insects.

The preserved bedding will join the ranks of other "incredible discoveries" from the African archaeological record, says Javier Baena Preysler, an archaeologist at the Autonomous University of Madrid who was not involved in the research. But other researchers point to uncertainty in the dates and note that absent a time machine, scientists have to speculate about exactly how ancient people used the piled-up grasses and ash.

Lyn Wadley, an archaeologist at the University of the Witwatersrand, made the discovery when excavating Border Cave with her team. One morning, she noticed white flecks in the brown earth of the sediment as she was digging. "I looked up at these with a magnifying glass and realized that these were plant traces," she says.

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SOTT Logo Radio

MindMatters: Follow the Leader - Étienne de La Boétie's Politics of Obedience

de la boetie
If tyrannical leaders are so few, and the people over which they rule so many - then why do the masses so often take it on the proverbial chin? What prevents the vast numbers of the oppressed from refusing to submit to the relatively small numbers of individuals who are doing all the oppressing? It's a good question that many are asking today - and that French political essayist Étienne de La Boétie asked more than 450 years ago in his now classic treatise The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude. Seeing injustice all around him, and while still an idealistic student of law, La Boétie's questions provided the groundwork for political thought and action for centuries to come - influencing thinkers of the calibre of Tolstoy and Gandhi - and form a point of departure from which many sought to reasonably act without calling hell upon their heads.

This week on MindMatters we examine The Politics Of Obedience and what it seems to be saying about power structures, the nature of servitude and the conditioning that citizens are largely subject to - and need to be rid of. Analyzing its virtues and flaws, we ask how we can apply the writer's answers to today (short of taking out the pitchforks), and what it means to be truly free in a world of nameless technocrats and their rules and agendas.


Running Time: 00:57:11

Download: MP3 — 52.4 MB


Eye 2

The Only Foreign Interference America Should Worry About is British: Rhodes Scholar Talbott's Hand Revealed in Russia Gate

strobe talbott

Strobe Talbott
It has recently come to light that the primary source of the Steele Dossier and Mueller Investigation is none other than Igor Danchenko- a veteran Brookings Institute employee from Ukraine who not only hadn't been to Russia for decades but who admitted to the FBI in January 2017 that the entire Steele dossier was a fraud.

For those who do not know, the Brookings Institute is a powerful DNC think tank founded by Bill Clinton's former Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott who stepped down as president in 2017. Brookings has become known for its revolving door between officials in the Obama White House/DNC and the private sector. In recent weeks, it has come to light that Talbott reached out to Steele in August 2016 to share his own data accumulated by Danchenko and conspired with Steele on advancing the dossier in the wake of Trump's November 2016 election. Other Brookings Institute agents deployed by Talbott include former NSC Russia Expert Trump impeachment witness Fiona Hill who co-authored a paper with Danchenko and also Talbott's brother-in-law Cody Shearer who circulated a parallel dossier containing many of the falsified evidence printed in Steele's script.

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Info

Oldest human cremation discovered in the Near East

The Beisamoun pyre fields
© Mission Beisamoun
The Beisamoun pyre fields, where the cremated burial was discovered, during the crepuscular hours.
The oldest known person to be intentionally cremated in the Near East took their last breath about 9,000 years ago, and their body went up in flames shortly thereafter, a new study finds.

The body wasn't simply thrown in a fire, however; whoever arranged the funeral pyre did so with care, archaeologists found by sifting through the body's burnt remains. It appears that the deceased was placed in a seated position, with their knees bent to their chest in a kiln-like pit. Then, a fire was ignited next to or under the deceased.

Until now, the earliest known cremation in the Near East dated to the sixth millennium B.C. Meanwhile, the oldest known human cremation in the world — the so-called "Mungo Lady," whose burned remains were found near Lake Mungo in New South Wales, Australia in 1969 — is much older, dating to about 40,000 years ago, according to a 2003 study in the journal Nature.

Researchers discovered the extraordinary burial in 2013, while excavating the Neolithic (the last age of the Stone Age) village of Beisamoun, in the Upper Jordan Valley of northern Israel. The burial pit contained 355 bone fragments, many of which were scorched, said study lead researcher Fanny Bocquentin, an archaeo-anthropologist at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS).

Dig

Europe's earliest bone tools found at Britain's Boxgrove "Horse Butchery Site"

stone tools britain
© UCL Institute of Archaeology, Author provided
Tool made out of horse bone.
Boxgrove in Sussex, England, is an iconic, old stone age site. This is where the oldest human remains in Britain have been discovered - fossils of Homo heidelbergensis. Part of an exceptionally preserved 26km-wide ancient landscape of stone, it provides a virtually untouched record of early humans almost half a million years ago.

The most perfectly preserved area of the site is known as the "Horse Butchery Site", a spot where a large horse was slaughtered and processed some 480,000 years ago. Since 1994, we've worked on bone and stone artefacts from here - some of which are the earliest in Europe - as part of a multidisciplinary team led by the UCL Institute of Archaeology. This has has given us important insights into the lives of the mysterious Homo heidelbergensis, which we have just released in a book.

My own research focused on the stone artefacts - more than 1,750 pieces of knapped flint. The tools, along with bones from a single large female horse, were discovered more than a quarter of century ago, and the location of where each artefact was plotted to the nearest millimetre.

Comment: The BBC provides some additional information:
Europe's earliest bone tools found in Britain By Paul Rincon Science editor, BBC News website Image copyright UCL Institute of Archaeology Image caption One of the oldest organic tools in the world. A bone hammer used to make the fine flint bifaces from Boxgrove. The bone shows scraping marks used to prepare the bone as well as pitting left behind from its use in making flint tools

They were made by the species Homo heidelbergensis, a possible ancestor for modern humans and Neanderthals.

Researchers found a shin bone belonging to one of them - it's the oldest human bone known from Britain.

stone tools britain
© UCL Institute of Archaeology
The horse butchery site being excavated in 1990
The researchers were able to reconstruct the precise type of stone tool that had been made from the chippings left at the site.

However, the humans must have taken the tools with them - as they had not been recovered.

At the inter-tidal marshland, which was on what would have been Britain's southern coastline, there was a nearby cliff that was starting to degrade, producing good rocks for knapping - the process of creating stone tools. Silt from the sea had also built up here, forming an area of grassland.

"Grassland means herbivores and herbivores mean food," explained Dr Pope.

Dr Pope added that it was still unclear how the horse ended up in this landscape.

"Horses are highly sociable animals and it's reasonable to assume it was part of a herd, either attracted to the foreshore for fresh water, or for seaweed or salt licks. For whatever reason, this horse - isolated from the herd - ends up dying there," Dr Pope told BBC News.

"Possibly it was hunted - though we have no proof of that - and it's sat right next to an intertidal creek. The tide was quite low so it's possible for the humans to get around it.

Simon Parfitt said: "These are some of the earliest non-stone tools found in the archaeological record of human evolution. They would have been essential for manufacturing the finely made flint knives found in the wider Boxgrove landscape."

She explained that "it provides further evidence that early human populations at Boxgrove were cognitively, social and culturally sophisticated".

This might explain how it was so completely torn apart: the Boxgrove humans even smashed up the bones to get at the marrow and liquid grease.
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