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Battle of the Somme: Social Darwinism & General Haig's "Great Push Forward"

General Douglas Haig

General Douglas Haig
Exactly 100 years ago today, General Douglas Haig, commander-in-chief of the British Army fighting on the continent during World War I, launched a major offensive in a part of northern France that is known as the Département de la Somme. A département is an administrative district, and this one is named after the Somme, the river that meanders lazily through the area from the east to the coast of the English Channel in the west; during World War I, it thus crossed the line of the Western Front, which ran from the Swiss border in the southeast to the North Sea coast in Belgium to the northwest.

The Somme département corresponds more or less to the ancient province of Picardy, whose capital city is Amiens. Most of the ensuing fighting of what would become known as the "Battle of the Somme" was witnessed by the area to the east of Amiens, between the small town of Albert, which was held by the allies, and the towns of Bapaume and Péronne, which were behind the German lines.

The objective of Haig's offensive was twofold. An immediate aim was to reduce the hellish pressure exerted on the French who were desperately trying to halt a major German offensive aimed at seizing the historic city of Verdun. But Haig also perceived an opportunity to succeed where British and French offensives had failed in 1915, and to win the war by breaking through the strongly defended German lines. He spoke optimistically of the offensive he planned as the "Great Push Forward" or, short and sweet, the "Big Push." The British military supremo was convinced that God had chosen him personally to guide his country and its allies to victory; of his offensive, he would later say that he "felt that every step in [his] plan had been taken with the Divine help."

Target

The founding of NATO: What is it really?

NATO inception
When NATO was founded, that was done in the broader context of the US Marshall Plan, and the entire US operation to unify the developed Atlantic countries of North America and Europe, for a coming Cold War allegedly against communism, but actually against Russia - the core country not only in the USSR but also in Eastern Europe (the areas that Stalin's forces had captured from Hitler's forces).

NATO was founded with the North Atlantic Treaty in Washington DC on 4 April 1949, and its famous core is:
«Article 5: The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defence recognised by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area».
However, widely ignored is that the Treaty's preamble states:

Cowboy Hat

Rare Noah's Ark mosaic uncovered in ancient synagogue in Israel

mythological mosaic
© Baylor University
A mosaic floor panel depicts soldiers being swallowed by large fish, surrounded by overturned chariots in the parting of the Red Sea
Mosaics depicting prominent Bible scenes were uncovered during annual excavations of an ancient synagogue in Israel's Lower Galilee.

During the excavation in June, archaeologists found two new panels of a mosaic floor in a Late Roman (fifth-century) synagogue at Huqoq, an ancient Jewish village. One panel showed Noah's ark with pairs of animals, such as lions, leopards and bears. The other panel depicted soldiers being swallowed by large fish, surrounded by overturned chariots in the parting of the Red Sea.

Such images are extremely rare for the time period, according to excavation director Jodi Magness, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, whose work was funded by the National Geographic Society.

Comment: Further reading:


Book

Hitler - Committed suicide or escaped to Latin America?

Adolf Hitler bunker complex
© Flickr/Marcus Winter
Adolf Hitler bunker complex.
Officially, Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945, shooting himself in Führerbunker in Berlin. His wife Eva Braun is also said to have committed suicide together with him by poisoning herself with cyanide.

But what if Hitler had not committed suicide and lived in South America for many years? What, in this case, was the fate of Eva Braun? Was the couple having fun and travelling across Colombia, Brazil and Argentina while everybody believed they were dead?

In his book Hitler in Exile (El exilio de Hitler), a new edition of which was recently published in Argentina, historian Abel Basti has offered his version of the events.

As Basti said in an interview with Sputnik, in 1945, Adolf Hitler could have escaped from Germany to Argentina, where he then lived for ten years. In 1955, like many other Nazis, Hitler went to Paraguay, where he lived under the protection of the dictator Alfredo Stroessner who had German roots.

In his book Basti refers to statements of the witnesses who communicated with Stroessner and who could prove that Hitler and other high-ranking Nazi officials had really lived in the country.

According to Basti, Hitler died on February 3, 1971 in Paraguay.

Dollars

Hitler was financed by the Bank of England and the US Federal Reserve

Hitler in Command
Translated by Ollie Richardson for Fort Russ

More than 70 years ago was the start of the greatest slaughter in history.

The recent resolution of the parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE fully equalizes the role of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany at the outbreak of the Second World War, except that it had the purely pragmatic purpose of extorting money from Russia on the contents of some of the bankrupt economies, intended to demonize Russia as the successor state to the USSR, and to prepare the legal ground for the deprivation of her right to speak out against revision of results of war.

But if we approach the problem of responsibility for the war, then you first need to answer the key question: who helped the Nazis come to power? Who sent them on their way to world catastrophe? The entire pre-war history of Germany shows that the provision of the "necessary" policies were managed by the financial turmoil, in which, by the way, the world was plunged into.

The key structures that defined the post-war development strategy of the West were the Central financial institutions of Great Britain and the United States — the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve System (FRS) — and the associated financial and industrial organizations set out a target to establish absolute control over the financial system of Germany to control political processes in Central Europe. To implement this strategy it is possible to allocate the following stages:

Comment: There is - and has always been - a strong yet hidden psychopathic element in the West that one can identify as 'Nazi' in nature. And which today works to support, nurture and grow the very worst ideologies and forces of divisiveness and destruction that the elites of today's world can muster. Take the current government of Ukraine, and the growth of ISIS to name only two.

See also: and so many more....


Magnify

12,000-year-old shaman's elaborate funeral had 6 stages

Burial site
© Naftali Hilger
Bones of a mysterious woman in a burial site were surrounded by tortoise shells and other objects.
A diminutive woman buried in a cave in Israel 12,000 years ago was likely a person of importance and was interred with great ceremony, including a feast of 86 tortoises, archaeological evidence suggests.

After years of analysis, experts have reconstructed the stages of a funeral ritual performed as the body was laid to rest, piecing together the chain of events with the help of unusual objects that were found at the burial site.

The researchers described a six-step process that acknowledged the respected position that the woman held in life, and hints at the complexity of burial rituals practiced in the region thousands of years in the past.

Mysterious burial

Study lead author Leore Grosman, a professor at the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, discovered the grave in 2005, in a cave called Hilazon Tachtit, located in western Galilee in northern Israel.

The cave served as a burial ground for at least 28 people during the latter part of the Natufian period (15,000 - 11,500 B.C.), according to a study Grosman co-authored in 2008, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Comment: Further reading:


Cow Skull

Remains in Belgian caves show more evidence of cannibalism among neanderthals

Cannibalized bones
© Helene Rougier, et al./Scientific Reports
Many of the Neanderthal bones excavated a Belgium dig site show signs of purposeful butchering -- evidence of cannibalism.
Neanderthal bones found in Belgium show signs of intentional butchering, evidence the human ancestors consumed their own.

Unearthed from the Goyet caves near Namur, Belgium, the bones are the first evidence of Neanderthal cannibalism north of the Alps. The discovery was made possible by the largest haul of Neanderthal bones north of the Alps. Researchers with the University of Tübingen excavated 99 bones and bone fragments, dated between 40,500 to 45,500 years old.

Cuts, notches and marks offer evidence of the butchering process. Some bones showed signs of skinning, slicing and marrow extraction. "These indications allow us to assume that Neanderthals practiced cannibalism," Hervé Bocherens, a professor at Tübingen's Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment, said in a news release. "The many remains of horses and reindeer found in Goyet were processed the same way." In addition to revealing signs of butchering, the remains featured Neanderthal bones fashioned into tools.

DNA samples were collected from the remains and analyzed, doubling the amount of late Neanderthal genetic data. Their analysis shows late Neanderthals had limited genetic diversity and were increasingly interrelated as they approached extinction some 30,000 years ago. Such findings are in line with previous DNA studies.

Comment: See also:

The Golden Age, Psychopathy and the Sixth Extinction


Info

Swastika symbol dates back 11,000 years

Swastika
© Times of India
Kharagpur: Swastika -the Indian symbol of peace and continuity that Hitler co-opted for his twisted Aryan supremacy theory -is much older than believed, older than the Aryans and even the Indus Valley Civilization, says a team of top-notch researchers from some of the most prestigious institutions in India.

The researchers say the Swastika dates back at least 11,000 years and have traced its spread to western and Middle-Eastern civilizations.

In fact, one of their key findings is that a Ukranian Swastika, believed to date back 12,000 years to the Paleolithic Age, may not be this old, say sources.

The team will announce these and other "breakthroughs" at the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) on July 8, exhibiting all the evidence they have collected. They will also answer queries.

The research was like solving a jigsaw puzzle in the maze of history , involving study of codes and symbols that would excite Dan Brown.

Based at IIT-Kharagpur and led by one of its most senior professors, it was conducted by Sandhi, an HRD ministry-sponsored effort to amalgamate ancient Indian knowledge systems with contemporary science.

Binoculars

Lost city of Rhapta may have been discovered on Mafia Island off the coast of Tanzania

lost roman city Rhapta
© Seaunseen / Alan Sutton
Underwater photograph of some of the rectangular blocks that were found off Mafia Island in Tanzania.
Centuries of speculations related to the lost city of Rhapta may have been ended with a discovery made during a helicopter flight over Tanzania's Mafia Island. A set of partially submerged ancient ruins are believed to be the Roman market town, which had become lost to the pages of history.

The discovery took a place when scuba-diver Alan Sutton spotted an unusually-shaped formation in the water while flying in a helicopter off the coast of Tanzania. After a few years of searching for the ruins, he announced his success in a blog post . It took him three years to discover the ruins of structures resembling an ancient harbor city. Researchers claim that the ruins cover a large area and there are impressive lines of foundations covered by the thousands of square and oblong blocks.

Document

Rare Thomas Jefferson letter discovered in family attic on sale for $325k

Thomas Jefferson letter signature
© RAAB Collection
Always check the abandoned boxes in your attic because you never know what you might find.

A family in Mississippi discovered a rare letter from founding father Thomas Jefferson in a box of heirlooms, written to their ancestor, U.S. Ambassador to France William Crawford.

The four-page letter from the former president shows his reaction to the end of the War of 1812, comparing it to the American revolution. He discusses the honor of American independence and rails against the British.