Secret HistoryS


Cranky to the end: Ancient scroll claims Plato spent his last night listening to music, criticized slave-girl flautist's 'lack of rhythm'

Plato was known for his theories on politics, poetry and ethics.
One of history's most influential philosophers, Plato was known for his theories on politics, poetry, knowledge and ethics.

And, thanks to a newly discovered scroll buried by Mount Vesuvius, we now know that the ancient Greek thinker was sharp in his criticisms until the very end, spending his last moments blasting a slave-girl flautist's 'lack of rhythm'.

The centuries old passages detail Plato's final hours and reveal that the philosopher, who was suffering from a fever, had been listening to music and welcoming guests before he died at the age of 80 or 81 in around 348BC.



Israel's complex relations with Iran

Iranian and Israeli flags
While the mullahs' rhetoric is clearly anti-Israeli, relations between the two countries are far more complex than one might think. There are in fact two opposing groups in Iran, one intent on doing business by all means with the rest of the world, while the other aims to liberate peoples from colonization. The former has never stopped doing business with Israel, while the latter fights against it, just as it fights against the imperialism of the United Kingdom and the United States.

The conflict between Israel and Iran is distinct from that between the Arab population of Palestine and Jewish immigrants. Contrary to popular belief, the Persians have never been the enemy of the Jews. In fact, in ancient times, it was Cyrus the Great who enabled the Jews to escape from Babylon, where they had been held in slavery.

After the Second World War, when the United States seized the remnants of the British Empire, US President Dwight Eisenhower reorganized the Middle East. To dominate it, he appointed two regional powers to represent him: Iran and Israel. The two countries were both friends and rivals.

Comment: See also:

Star of David

Flashback Israel-Saudi Arabia: Netanyahu promotes normalisation with new map erasing Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
© ReutersIsraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu holds up a map showing the occupied West Bank and Gaza as part of Israel during his speech at the UN General Assembly, 22 September 2023
Illustration shown by Israeli prime minister at UN includes occupied West Bank and Gaza as part of Israel

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu presented a new map erasing Palestine during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly's (UNGA) 78th session on Friday.

The illustration showed a "new Middle East" wherein the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip appeared to be part of Israel.

An earlier erroneous map shown by Netanyahu also included the Palestinian territories as part of Israel in 1948.

Comment: Is it not noteworthy that Netanyahu was campaigning for a redrawn Middle East without the Palestinians a couple of weeks before the conflict that reignited in early October of 2023?

For other articles that mention the idea of a Greater Israel - Eretz Yisrael (Wiki link), see the following articles. Even without going into details, the concept has a long history. The Wiki for Greater Israel has
The same sentiment was recorded by Ben-Gurion on other occasions, such as at a meeting of the Jewish Agency executive in June 1938,[5] as well as by Chaim Weizmann.[4][6] Ben Gurion said:
We shall smash these frontiers which are being forced upon us, and not necessarily by war. I believe an agreement between us and the Arab State could be reached in a not too distant future."[7]
The above quote from Ben Gurion has a reflection in the statements found in the article:
Netanyahu enthusiastically promoted the reshaping of the region based on establishing ties with Arab countries, especially Saudi Arabia.

"There's no question: the Abraham Accords heralded the dawn of a new age of peace," he claimed. "I believe we're on the cusp of a more dramatic breakthrough: a historic peace between Israel and Saudi Arabia."
At the moment events are not really working in favour of such a development, although the US and European allies support Israel.


Russia's "Fourteen Points" for a European Security Policy: Why was Moscow's 2009 proposal rejected?

© UnknownFormer Russian President, Deputy Security Council Chair Dmitry Medvedev
In 2009, Russian President Medvedev (President from May 7th, 2008 to May 7th, 2012) called for a new European security policy known as "Fourteen Points" as a new security treaty to be accepted to maintain European security as the ability of states and societies to maintain their independent identity and functional integrity (this Russian draft European security treaty was originally posted on the President's website on November 29th, 2009).

This treaty proposal was passed to the leaders of the Euro-Atlantic States and the executive heads of the relevant international organizations such as NATO, EU, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and the Organization of Security Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). In this proposal, Russia stressed that it is open to any democratic proposal concerning continental security and is counting on a positive response from Russia's (Western) partners.

However, not so surprisingly, D. Medvedev's call for a new European security framework (based on mutual respect and equal rights) became interpreted particularly in the USA in the fashion of the Cold War 1.0, in fact, as a plot to pry Europe from its strategic partner (USA).

Bizarro Earth

La Colonisation: French history of death, torture and indescribable violence in the pearl of its evil empire

Algeria under France
© RT / RT
Many issues arising from France's colonial crimes in Algeria have still not been resolved

Every year, Algeria remembers the colonial crimes committed by France against the Algerian people. The North African country commemorates several such dates throughout the year: February 13 - the day of the first nuclear test, July 5 - Independence Day, November 1 - Revolution Day, which marked the beginning of the eight-year independence war of 1954-1962, and December 11 - the day on which mass demonstrations started in 1960, and were brutally suppressed by French troops.

Algeria's colonial period lasted for over 130 years, but the nation didn't give up on its dream of breaking free from colonial oppression. Algeria's sovereignty was finally recognized in 1962. But independence was won with a great deal of blood. According to official Algerian data, about 1.5 million local residents died in the war with France (1954-1962), about one sixth of the country's population at the time.

Comment: By the same author there is also:
'We have provided everything possible for their freedom': How the USSR helped France's most important colony stick it to Paris

Better Earth

'We have provided everything possible for their freedom': How the USSR helped France's most important colony stick it to Paris

FILE PHOTO. Algerian President Houari Boumediene (2nd R) and Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin (L) during a visit of an Algerian factory during Kosygin's official visit to Algeria on October 5, 1971.
© AFPFILE PHOTO. Algerian President Houari Boumediene (2nd R) and Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin (L) during a visit of an Algerian factory during Kosygin's official visit to Algeria on October 5, 1971.
Demining, energy cooperation, irrigation, metallurgy, children's summer camps made the history of the friendship between Algeria and the Soviet Union

In early 2024, Moscow announced that it intended to establish a Russian House in Algeria, where both expatriates and local residents will be able to study the country's language and culture. In recent years, the need for such a cultural center has grown, since thousands of Russians reside in Algeria (many of them have lived there since Soviet times) and Algerian young people are showing increasing interest in the culture.

During the Soviet period, the communist state educated many Algerian politicians, trained its military personnel, and armed the country's air force and navy. The Algerian Army owes much of its professional success to Soviet and Russian military schools and academies, where more than 60,000 of its servicemen were trained between 1961 and 2023.

Comment: See also this article from the same author with more focus on the earlier history of Algeria: La Colonisation: French history of death, torture and indescribable violence in the pearl of its evil empire

See also:
Indigenous democracy: Why Africa should reject the Western way
The triumph of Adwa: An epic story of African victory over European colonizers
West looks panicky over Africa shift East
US trying to block Chinese access to African resources - FT
That's so Chad: Another African country looking to ditch Paris for Moscow
Adieu, colonizer: France's malign influence still hangs over Africa, and that needs to change
NATO knock-out: A new African alliance is starting a revolution in the continent's geopolitics
Russia strikes African military cooperation agreement with Niger
Africa's Che Guevara: How France pulled off the 'dirtiest trick' to assassinate a popular reformer

From the same source:
22 Apr, 2024 10:07
North African states to form new regional bloc
Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya have begun talks without Morocco and Mauritania, the other founding members of the former Maghreb union

The leaders of Tunisia, Algeria, and Libya will reportedly discuss the revival of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), a regional political and economic bloc at an upcoming summit. The AMU has been largely dormant for more than a decade due to diplomatic tensions between some member states.

‎Tunisian President Kais Saied announced the move in a statement on X (formerly Twitter) on Saturday, saying he will host his Algerian counterpart, Abdelmadjid Tebboune, and Libya's Presidential Council leader, Mohamed Younes Menfi, for the first summit of the "three sister countries."

Local media reported the meeting would take place on Monday in the Tunisian capital, Tunis.

Last month, on the sidelines of a gas-exporting countries summit in Algeria, officials from the three North African countries agreed to hold talks every three months.

The AMU initiative has been criticized for excluding Morocco and Mauritania, which have also been bloc members since its formation in 1989. Moroccan media has accused Algeria of attempting to form a new regional alliance without Rabat, claiming that the move reflects Algiers' waning influence on the regional or continental front.

Algerian President Tebboune rejected the allegations in an interview with state broadcaster Alg24 News, declaring that the "bloc is not directed against any other state, and the door is open to countries in the region."

The five-member AMU grouping has faced several setbacks over the years, including a political and diplomatic rift between Algeria and Morocco that has resulted in a boycott of high-level talks since 2008.

Bad Guys

1052: The Magic Box with the Red Eye

Comment: Through A Glass Darkly is Cynthia's substack. Just below the opening sentences, Cynthia adds three quotes, two from Col. Fletcher Prouty's The Secret Team and one from Douglas Valentine's The Phoenix Program.

On their own, both books are recommended reads.

For another look, see The Truth Perspective: Interview with Douglas Valentine: The CIA As Organized Crime

HAL 9000
The following is a short story written by Col. Fletcher Prouty describing true events that occurred in Vietnam during the war that sound like something out of a sci-fi dystopic movie. This is extremely useful for anyone who wishes to understand the techniques that are presently being waged against the American people and the west more broadly.

This story serves as an addendum to my paper "How the CIA and US Special Forces Manufactured a Migrant Crisis and Orwellian Police State in Vietnam Before Going to the Americas," which also discusses in detail the origin of the "smart city" prisons that are being built throughout the world today.
"Anyone who doubts that this nation building and police activity has not become real and very effective right here in the United States need only visit the area around Fort Bragg to find one of these early paramilitary CIA-oriented specialist, General Tolson, sending his American soldiers out into the countryside with nation-building programs for the citizens of the United States. If such tactics continue, it is possible that an enlargement of such a program could lead to a pacification program of areas of the United States, such as the CIA and the US Army have carried out in Indochina."

- Col. Fletcher Prouty "The Secret Team" (1972). Prouty served as a liaison officer between the Pentagon and the CIA between 1955 and 1963.

Comment: Last thoughts go out to Douglas Valentine in terms of our latter years in the ponerized West:
"Only five percent of the people need to be organized in this fashion to install a fascist dictator in the United States. That is the ultimate objective of the greatest covert operation ever, the one in which the oligarchs steal everything you own."
― Douglas Valentine, The CIA as Organized Crime: How Illegal Operations Corrupt America and the World


DNA from ancient graves reveals the culture of a mysterious nomadic people

Hundreds of genomes shed light on the marriage habits and social norms of the Avar people of central Europe.
Ancient Graves
© Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University Múzeum, Budapest, HungaryScientists sampled genomic data from 279 graves at a cemetery in Rákóczifalva, Hungary, where people of the medieval Avar culture were buried.
Most people know about the Huns, if only because of their infamous warrior-ruler Attila. But the Avars, another nomadic people who subsequently occupied roughly the same region of eastern and central Europe, have remained obscure despite having assembled a sprawling empire that lasted from the late sixth century to the early ninth century. Even archaeologists have struggled to piece together their history and culture, relying on spotty and potentially biased contemporaneous chronicles that, in many cases, were authored by the Avars' adversaries.

A deep dive into 424 genomes collected from hundreds of Avar graves is filling in crucial gaps in this story, revealing a wealth of insights into the Avars' social structure and culture1. "These people basically didn't have a voice in history, and we are kind of looking into them this way — through their bodies," says Zuzana Hofmanová, an archaeogeneticist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, and one of the study's lead authors.

The work was published today in Nature.


'Extraordinary': George Washington's 250-year-old cherries, full wine bottles, found buried at Mount Vernon , USA

george washington
© Mount Vernon Ladies’ AssociationThe bottles were originally uncovered in November 2023, but weren't fully excavated until March 22, 2024.
The forgotten cherries were supposed to be served on George Washington's dinner table, but became a time capsule instead, sitting untouched since at least 1776

Archaeologists found something incredibly rare in the cellar of George Washington's home at Mount Vernon: Two intact jars of cherries buried in the basement of the first U.S. president's house.

Nick Beard, project archeologist at Mount Vernon, told USA TODAY on Tuesday that he had been excavating the basement "for quite a while" when he saw the lip of one of the jars in November.

When the bottle started to peek out from the earth, he proceeded carefully but said he didn't think it would turn out to be anything out of the ordinary, adding that it's common to find wine bottles and glasses at the site about 15 miles south of Washington, D.C.


Study suggests human occupation in Patagonia prior to the Younger Dryas period

Notable lithic artefacts
© Antonio Pérez-BalarezoNotable lithic artefacts from Pilauco site layers PB-8 and PB-7, including choppers/cores (a–e) and flakes with multiple edges (b–d, f–h). Cutting edges are outlined in red. From PB-8 layer: a, b. From PB-7: c, d, e, f, g, h. (Sources: Pino et al. Reference Pino, Chávez-Hoffmeister, Navarro-Harris and Labarca2013; Navarro-Harris et al. Reference Navarro-Harris, Pino, Guzmán-Marín, Pino and Astorga2020) (figure by Antonio Pérez-Balarezo).
Archaeologists have conducted a study of lithic material from the Pilauco and Los Notros sites in north-western Patagonia, revealing evidence of human occupation in the region prior to the Younger Dryas period.

The Younger Dryas, which occurred circa 12,900 to 11,700 years BP), was a cooling event which marked a return to glacial conditions, temporarily reversing the climatic warming of the preceding Late Glacial Interstadial.

The period in which humans arrived in South America, in particular, north-western Patagonia, has been the subject of an ongoing debate by academics for many years.

Previous archaeological evidence and palaeogenetic studies have suggested human presence between 16 600 and 15 100 cal BP, however, a new study published in the journal Antiquity is providing new evidence of pre-Holocene human activity during the late Pleistocene-early Holocene transition.