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From Brezhnev to Khrushchev: Ukraine had a huge influence on the Soviet Union, something Kiev now prefers to downplay

Soviet-era Workers' Day

'Glory to the 1st of May' written in Ukrainian on a Soviet-era Workers' Day postcard
In the very first years of the Soviet Union's existence, Ukrainian Bolsheviks played an important role in building what became the world's largest ever state.

And it was people from Ukraine itself who engaged in the 'Ukrainization' that aimed to replace the Russian language and culture there during the Stalin years. Although this process was officially curtailed in the late 1930s, it continued by inertia for many more years.

As a result, Soviet policy allowed the Ukrainian SSR to become a fairly independent entity with its own national elite and intelligentsia, which opened the path to independence. Moreover, many Party officials from Ukraine held key positions in the USSR right up until its collapse.

Here, RT seeks to explore what influence Ukrainians had on the Soviet Union's development and how Kiev managed to carve out for itself a high degree of independence.

Books

Jewel of the Caucasus: Why Armenia and Azerbaijan continue to fight over Nagorno-Karabakh

Armenian and Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh
© ARIS MESSINIS / AFP
FILE PHOTO: Armenian soldiers stand as troops hold positions on the front line on October 25, 2020, during the ongoing fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh.
A ceasefire was declared in the disputed territory 21 months ago, but is there any chance of a genuine peace?
Wars, ethnic cleansing, mutual accusations of war crimes, and historical injustice have always accompanied the Karabakh conflict which has smoldered in the heart of the Caucasus for more than 100 years. De jure, the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh belongs to Azerbaijan, whose territorial integrity is acknowledged by all member states of the UN. After the Second Karabakh War of 2020, Baku has been able to control most of this territory de facto as well.

Yet, there is no lasting peace in the South Caucasus in sight, with alarming news amid global instability. On September 12th Baku and Yerevan confirmed reports of "clashes," shattering the fragile Nagorno Karabakh truce. Explosions attributed to artillery and drones were reported by residents of Vardenis, Jermuk, Goris, and Tatev - cities within Armenia proper - shortly after midnight on Tuesday.

Cross

Remains of up to 100 young children discovered by archaeologists excavating long-lost medieval friary in Wales

medieval friary

Dyfed Archaeological Trust described the find as 'extraordinarily, one-third of these remains are infants under the age of four' and did not want to put a figure on it but said it would not be surprised if 300 ancient corpses were found
The remains of up to a hundred young children have been discovered by archaeologists excavating a long-lost holy site in a Welsh town.

Experts discovered several hundred skeletons and believe at least a third of the buried bodies belong to those of children under the age of four.

The medieval friary dating back more than 600 years was unearthed by builders digging foundations for a new bar in Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire.

Historians believe it is the ancient burial ground of the mysterious friary of St Saviours.

Comment: See also: Medieval monks were riddled with intestinal parasites but still lived longer than general population - study


Snakes in Suits

Lord Louis Mountbatten: The Royal alleged pedophile who was above the law

Lord Louis Mountbatten
© MEGA
Royal families around the globe are certainly no strangers to sex scandals, yet recent events involving the U.K.'s Prince Andrew and his links to the now-dead sex trafficker Jeffrey Epstein many believe to be bigger than them all. However, even his alleged crimes might pale in comparison to one other figure who sat at the heart of Britain's first family for decades — Lord Louis Mountbatten.

Mountbatten is a towering figure in the recent history of the Royal Family and the British Isles. The uncle to the late Prince Phillip and second cousin to Queen Elizabeth, Mountbatten, served as Supreme Allied Commander in East Asia, Chief of the Defence Staff and First Sea Lord. Still lauded by the U.K. press as a national hero, in part given his assassination by the IRA in 1979, he was also a well-documented and accused pedophile.

In 2019, an FBI dossier on Mountbatten revealed that the United States had deep reservations and distaste for the royal. The file states both he and his wife Edwina were "persons of extremely low morals" and that Mountbatten was a pedophile with "a perversion for young boys." The fallout was quick, and The London Times attempted to pass off Mountbatten's pedophilia as merely "Lust for Young Men."

Info

The mask of your enslavement: The image, history, and meaning of Escrava Anastácia

Escrava Anastácia

Escrava Anastácia
SLAVES HAVE BEEN FORCED TO WEAR MASKS THROUGHOUT HISTORY

Roberto Strongman published this brilliant article on on November 4, 2021. He is a modern social sciences academic, so he writes using their modern style. He gave me permission to republish his valuable contribution with simpler prose. If you want to read it in its original form, see
HERE. Any mistakes or misinterpretations are mine alone.
mini-series “Escrava Anastásia”

Here she is at the pillory in the 1990 Brazilian mini-series “Escrava Anastásia”
Anti-lockdown protester Melbourne

Anti-lockdown protester in Melbourne, Australia in 2020.

Comment: Well said. Masks have been shown time and again to have no practical protective value. At this point, they're only a symbol for blind obedience and fealty to the tyrannical state, a visual sign that one has chosen fear and obedience over life.

See also:


Arrow Up

The Dark History of the Royals

Liz & Charles
© Corbett Report
Queen Elizardbeast is dead, long live King Charles?!

Yes, for those lucky souls who are so blissfully detached from the 24/7 newsfeeds that you haven't heard yet, I bring you the news that the longest-reigning monarch in British history, Queen Elizabeth II, is dead.

It's tempting to interpret the double rainbow that appeared over Buckingham Palace when Her Royal Lowness kicked the royal bucket as a sign that her death is indeed a present from God, but — as I am always at pains to observe upon such occasions — the death of an unrepentant sinner is no victory and there is no solace in the removal of but one of the Hydra's many heads. If anything, the reign of King Charles will doubtless be even more ignoble than that of his mother.

Whatever the future may hold for the loyal subjects of His Royal Highness, the Great Reset-shilling, pedophile-befriending, carbon eugenics-pushing King Charles III, given the disheartening (if predictable) reaction of the normies to this latest royal passing, nothing could be timelier than an in-depth exploration of the lowlights of the British royal family. So, even though I am going to drop an 18,000 word, two-hour documentary conclusion in the next 24 hours(!!!), I have taken time out of my schedule to bring you this.

"Enjoy" is the wrong word, but you get the idea.

Info

Rare Byzantine coin may show a 'forbidden' supernova explosion from A.D. 1054

Ancient Coin
© cngcoins.com/Filipovic et al
Could one of the two stars near the Emperor's head show a 'forbidden' supernova that lit up the sky over Byzantium for more than a year?
In A.D. 1054, a nearby star ran out of fuel and blew up in a dazzling supernova explosion. Though located 6,500 light-years away, the blast was clearly visible in the skies over Earth for 23 days and several hundred nights after.

The explosion, now known as SN 1054, was so bright that Chinese astronomers dubbed it a "guest star," while skywatchers in Japan, Iraq and possibly the Americas recorded the explosion's sudden appearance in writing and in stone. But in Europe — which was largely ruled at the time by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine IX and the Christian church — the big, bedazzling explosion in the sky was never mentioned, not even once.

Why not? Did the church simply ignore this spontaneous star, or was a more nefarious plot to cover up the reality of the cosmos at play? According to new research, a clue to the answer may hide in an unexpected place: a limited-edition gold coin.

In a study published in the August 2022 issue of the European Journal of Science and Theology, a team of researchers analyzed a series of four Byzantine gold coins minted during the reign of Constantine IX, from A.D. 1042 to 1055. While three of the coins showed only one star, the authors suggest that the fourth coin — which shows two bright stars framing an image of the emperor's head — may be a subtle, and possibly heretical depiction of the supernova of 1054.

Info

Archaeologists discover monumental evidence of prehistoric hunting across Arabian desert

Kites in Saudi Arabia
© University of Oxford
Archaeologists at the University of Oxford's School of Archaeology have used satellite imagery to identify and map over 350 monumental hunting structures known as 'kites' across northern Saudi Arabia and southern Iraq - most of which had never been previously documented.

Led by Dr Michael Fradley, a team of researchers in the Endangered Archaeology in the Middle East and North Africa (EAMENA) project used a range of open-source satellite imagery to carefully study the region around the eastern Nafud desert, an area little studied in the past. The surprising results, published in the journal The Holocene, have the potential to change our understanding of prehistoric connections and climate change across the Middle East.

Termed kites by early aircraft pilots, these structures consist of low stone walls making up a head enclosure and a number of guiding walls, sometimes kilometres long. They are believed to have been used to guide game such as gazelles into an area where they could be captured or killed. There is evidence that these structures may date back as far as 8,000 BCE in the Neolithic period.

Kites cannot be observed easily from the ground, however the advent of commercial satellite imagery and platforms such as Google Earth have enabled recent discoveries of new distributions. While these structures were already well-known from eastern Jordan and adjoining areas in southern Syria, these latest results take the known distribution over 400km further east across northern Saudi Arabia, with some also identified in southern Iraq for the first time.

Dr Fradley said: 'The structures we found displayed evidence of complex, careful design. In terms of size, the 'heads' of the kites can be over 100 metres wide, but the guiding walls (the 'strings' of the kite) which we currently think gazelle and other game would follow to the kite heads can be incredibly long. In some of these new examples, the surviving portion of walls run in almost straight lines for over 4 kilometres, often over very varied topography. This shows an incredible level of ability in how these structures were designed and built.'

Cut

31,000-year-old skeleton in Indonesia shows earliest known evidence of surgery

surgery archeology
© Tim Maloney
Australian and Indonesian archaeologists stumbled upon the skeletal remains of a young hunter-gatherer whose lower leg was amputated by a skilled surgeon 31,000 years ago.
A 31,000-year-old skeleton missing its lower left leg and found in a remote Indonesian cave is believed to be the earliest known evidence of surgery, according to a peer-reviewed study that experts say rewrites understanding of human history.

An expedition team led by Australian and Indonesian archaeologists stumbled upon the skeletal remains while excavating a limestone cave in East Kalimantan, Borneo looking for ancient rock art in 2020.

The finding turned out to be evidence of the earliest known surgical amputation, pre-dating other discoveries of complex medical procedures across Eurasia by tens of thousands of years.

Comment: See also:


Red Flag

Patrick Armstrong on Mikhail Gorbachev's legacy

Gorbachev
© Vladimir Akimov/Sputnik
Mikhail Gorbachev, then-Candidate to members of Political Bureau of Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union • 12 January, 1979
He died on Tuesday. I haven't bothered to read many of the obits that have been published but I will make a guess about their general flavour. The Western ones will say he ended the Cold War, removed the Soviet threat and, maybe, introduced fast food to Russia (a reverse on the supposed origin of the bistro). The Russian ones will be rather uncomplimentary and will blame him for the miseries of the 1990s when jobs disappeared, savings evaporated, deaths increased and Russia was pushed around.

I approach this with a somewhat different view that, as it happens, I share with Putin. I believe that, when Gorbachev became GenSek in 1985, the USSR system had exhausted its possibilities. I believe, but cannot find the reference, that Putin told Oliver Stone that the system was inefficient at its core, but more of his thoughts on the viability of the USSR can be found here. Not very complimentary: ideals not accomplished, too much repression ab initio, he pays credit to Stalin's industrialisation for victory in 1945 but concludes "However, in the final count, the inability to embrace change, to embrace technical revolutions and new technology led to a collapse of that economy". Or how about this from September 2005? "In the Soviet Union, for many decades, we lived under the motto, we need to think about the future generation. But we never thought about the existing, current, present generations." (PS he never said "the greatest catastrophe": that's a mistranslation.)

In short, I believe that the USSR was heading for trouble in 1985: the 1990s were bad enough but I'm not sure they would have been much better with other players.