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Thu, 09 Dec 2021
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Longhouses of the earliest farmers from the 6th millennium BC discovered in south-western Germany

longhouse
© Universität Tübingen/Veronika Stein
Students of the Institute for Prehistory and Early History at the University of Tübingen uncovering
the foundations of a longhouse from the second half of the 6th millennium BC
Northwest of Tübingen-Unterjesingen, in the Ammenbühlen field, west of the Enzbach stream, lies a prehistoric settlement. Although the site was discovered back in 1926, hardly anything was known about the area, with the exception of a few isolated finds. In the course of recent field research, important insights into the settlement structure and the findings have now been gained.

The investigations took place within the framework of a joint project of the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments (LAD) in the Regional Council of Stuttgart and the University of Tübingen. The project on the settlement history of the Ammer Valley during the early Neolithic period was led by Prof. Dr. Raiko Krauß, Institute for Prehistory and Early History at the University of Tübingen, and Jörg Bofinger, Head of the Operative Archaeology Department at the LAD.

Comment: See also: And check out SOTT radio's: MindMatters: The Meaning of the World's Mythologies


Attention

Cosmic Origins of Halloween - An introduction by Randall Carlson

Halloween
© Borderless Journal/Creative Commons
Contrary to what many people may think, there is a deep and symbolical origin to the celebration of Halloween. More than just an opportunity for kids to dress up in costumes or an excuse for adults to party, Halloween preserves an ancient legacy of profound importance. This 30 minute video opens a window onto a powerful tradition of immense significance for the understanding of our forgotten human past and our place in the cosmos.


Info

More desert kites found hidden in sands of Saudi Arabia

Desert Kites
© Amusing Planet
MAKKAH: Crossing over into the Hail region, east of Madinah, the mystery deepens on the extent of the Arabian Peninsula's ancient desert civilizations as more desert kites are found.

The stone circles and structures, known as kites, have been found mainly in the Kingdom's western region. Aerial surveys found more nestled between the desert sands of the Great Nafud.

Believed to be Neolithic, the polygons, funnel, and triangle-looking structures are mainly concentrated near the Harrat Khaybar Lava fields in the west, some that date back to the fourth and seventh centuries B.C. The structures in Hail are found in Qaa Al-Sibaq near the town of Shuwaimis, northwest of Hail.

More than 5,800 desert kites have been discovered across Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Kazakhstan, with the highest concentration found in Syria with 2,500 kites.

Hidden treasures of the Kingdom's vast deserts remain unseen and are waiting to be discovered. Desert kites are sophisticated and well-engineered structures whose purpose remains a secret to this day.

Dr. Salma Hawsawi, a professor of ancient history at King Saud University, told Arab News that Saudi Arabia has an abundance of stone circles, kites, and structures scattered all over the Kingdom. Many desert kites were found in the area north of Madinah (Khaybar, Fadak, AlUla). The large slabs are in different shapes: Circles, triangles, ovals, raised stones, stone piles, squares, and arcs.

Hawsawi said the kites were geometric shapes that may be connected or unconnected to each other. They may be part of a building or separate, or stone piles: A group of stones on top of each other in a gradual form, not consistent in size or shape.

"Some of the triangles have small, large, and hollow bases, parallel and successive, opposite at the vertex," she said. "There are also circles with a middle point, hollow points, irregular, flat, and overlapping stones. Other shapes include circles with a square in the middle, small and large ovals, ovals overlapping with circles and squares, irregular squares, hollow and irregular rectangles, and rectangles stacked on top of each other."

Colosseum

Slaves living quarters discovered in exceptional state of preservation in Pompeii

slave room pompeii

This exceptionally well-preserved room forms part of the villa within the area of Pompeii where the ceremonial chariot and stable with harnessed horses were previously discovered
Discoveries continue to be made at Civita Giuliana, in the suburban villa to the north of Pompeii which has been studied since 2017, and from which - in the servant's quarters - have already emerged a ceremonial chariot and stable containing the remains of 3 equines, for one of which it was possible to make a cast.

Completing the context of these rooms is the latest discovery of a room used by slaves who worked in the villa.

It offers an extraordinary glimpse into a part of the ancient world that usually remains largely in the dark. The room grants us a rare insight into the daily reality of slaves, thanks to the exceptional state of preservation of the room and the possibility of creating plaster casts of beds and other objects in perishable materials which have left their imprint in the cinerite that covered the ancient structures.

Comment: The living conditions of today's poor, even in the developed world, is relatively little different to how it was back then.

See also: And check out SOTT radio's:


Boat

2,500-year-old shipwreck found off the Greek island of Kythera

Ancient Shipwreck
© IPTO
The marine survey for Crete-Peloponnese subsea interconnection, revealed a unique shipwreck of the classical era.

A unique shipwreck of the classical era was revealed during the marine survey carried out by the Independent Power Transmission Operator (IPTO) in Cythera, within the framework of the construction of Crete-Peloponnese subsea interconnection.

According to the preliminary results of the research conducted by the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities and the Hellenic Center for Marine Research (HCMR), with funding from IPTO, the shipwreck which was located at a depth of 222 meters, dates from the end of the 5th to the mid-4th century B.C.

Amphoras originating from Corfu, Skopelos and Chios were identified in the cargo deck of the sunken ship, a fact that indicates developed commercial activity in the Aegean and the Ionian Sea. The completion of the three-dimensional imaging of the shipwreck, which is in progress, is expected to give an even clearer view of the size of the vessel and the volume of its cargo.

Colosseum

Why was such a colossal bath tub built for Tsar Alexander I?

Colossal Bath At Babolovo
© Unknown
Babolovo (known also as Babolovka) Palace is a historical building located near the city of St. Petersburg, Russia. This palace was built in towards the end of the 18 th century, during the reign of Catherine II of Russia (also commonly known as Catherine the Great). One of the most curious objects to be found in this palace is a giant bath made of granite, known as the 'Tsar Bath', which was added to the building some decades after its construction. Today, the palace, which is part of the Babolovo Park, is in ruins. Nevertheless, there have been plans to preserve the palace from further destruction, as well as to develop the park surrounding it.

Star of David

When Eisenhower and Nixon reined in Israel and defied the lobby

eisenhower nixon
© Getty Images
Eisenhower delivering his first State of the Union Address, with Nixon seated behind him.
Richard Nixon, then the vice president of the United States, was in Detroit on the morning of October 31, 1956, when his staff connected him by phone with Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. The main subject was the crisis in the Middle East, where 48 hours earlier Israel had invaded Egypt and taken over the Sinai Peninsula, surprising America and shocking the world. Nixon asked the secretary to update him on the latest developments and the administration's response.

Toward the end of their conversation, they discussed another issue just as urgent: the presidential election that was only seven days away. President Dwight Eisenhower was seeking reelection, and while he was comfortably leading in the polls, some members of his administration worried that his response to the Israeli invasion could harm him politically. Eisenhower had denounced Israel's aggression and was moving to suspend U.S. economic aid to the young Jewish state. Dulles asked Nixon, "the expert" in his words on all things politics, if the president's tough line could cost him at the ballot box.

Comment: Johnson collapsed like wet cardboard in the face of the Lobby, even to the point of leaving US military personnel to die in the USS Liberty bombing, then moving to cover it up, in order to not "embarrass an ally".


Boat

Shipwreck of Australian coast reveals shipbuilding secrets of 17th-century Dutch seafaring domination

batavia shipwreck australia Dutch East India company
© Patrick E. Baker, Western Australian Museum
The national heritage listed shipwreck, Batavia
Many Dutch ships passed the West Australian coast whilst travelling to Southeast Asia in the 1600s - and the national heritage listed shipwreck, Batavia, has revealed through its timbers the history of the shipbuilding materials that enabled Dutch East India Company (VOC) to flourish against major European rivals for the first time.

Built in Amsterdam in 1626-1628 and wrecked on its maiden voyage in June 1629 on Morning Reef off Beacon Island (Houtman Abrolhos Archipelago), Batavia epitomises Dutch East India (VOC) shipbuilding at its finest in a Golden Age, experts reveal in a study led by Flinders University archaeologist Associate Professor Wendy van Duivenvoorde with co-authors, Associate Professor and ERC grantee Aoife Daly at the University of Copenhagen and Marta Domínguez-Delmás, Research Associate and VENI Fellow at the University of Amsterdam.

Attention

Climate change fueled witch hunts....Then and now

Witch Burns
© Landover Baptist Church
European witch hunts of the 15th to 17th centuries targeted witches that were thought to be responsible for epidemics and crop failures related to declining temperatures of the Little Ice Age. A belief that evil humans were negatively affecting the climate and weather patterns was the "consensus" opinion of that time. How eerily similar is that notion to the the current oft-repeated mantra that Man's actions are controlling the climate and leading to catastrophic consequences?

Inquisitor Kramer
© CO2 Coalition
The first extensive European witch hunts coincided with plunging temperatures as the continent transitioned away from the beneficial warmth of the Medieval Warm Period (850 to 1250 AD). Increasing cold that began in the 13th century ushered in nearly five centuries of advancing mountain glaciers and prolonged periods of rainy or cool weather. This time of naturally-driven climate change was accompanied by crop failure, hunger, rising prices, epidemics and mass depopulation.

Climate Change Witch Hunts
© CO2 Coalition
Large systematic witch hunts began in the 1430s and were advanced later in the century by an Alsatian Dominican friar and papal Inquisitor named Heinrich Kramer. At Kramer's urging, Pope Innocence VIII issued an encyclical enshrining the persecution and eradication of weather-changing witches through this papal edict. The worst of the Inquisition's abuses and later systemic witch hunts were, in part, empowered by this decree.

This initial period of cooler temperatures and failing crops continued through the first couple of decades of the 16th century, when a slight warming was accompanied by improvements in harvests. Clearly, the pogrom against the weather-changing witches had been successful!

Unfortunately for the people of the Late Middle Ages, the forty years or so of slight warming gave ground to a more severe bout of cooling. The summer of 1560 brought a return of coldness and wetness that led to severe decline in harvest, crop failure and increases in infant mortality and epidemics. Bear in mind that this was an agrarian subsistence culture, nearly totally dependent on the yearly harvest to survive. One bad harvest could be tolerated, but back-to-back failures would cause horrific consequences, and indeed they did.

Archaeology

Domestic horses' mysterious origins may finally be revealed

mongolian horses
© Peng Yuan/Xinhua via Getty
Horses gallop during a cultural demonstration at a breeding center in West Ujimqin Banner in Inner Mongolia.
4,200 years ago, horseback riding allowed people to travel farther and faster than ever before, spurring migration throughout Europe and Asia.

For thousands of years, horses have played critical roles in human societies around the world. These equines helped early farmers plow their fields, transported people farther and faster, and gave warriors a competitive edge in battle. But experts have long puzzled over the deceptively simple question of where domestic horses actually came from.

It took a two-continent collaboration among over a hundred scientists to home in on the answer: southern Russia.

The discovery provides strong evidence that of three main locations in contention — Anatolia, Iberia, and western Eurasian steppes — the last is likely the birthplace of modern domestic horses, Equus caballus.