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Science or Sham: Does cognitive behavioural therapy work?

CBT

CBT has been hailed as quick and effective
There was huge excitement last autumn when the health secretary, Alan Johnson, announced that £170m would be spent on talking therapies in England. The programme focuses on one specific branch of treatment - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

But a tide of doubt has begun to be expressed about whether CBT is getting too much prominence - and money. However, the therapy's supporters say its attackers do not understand the latest versions that are being used for NHS treatment.
Pills

Injuries link to ADHD diagnosis

Injuries in very young children are associated with later diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, UK research suggests. A study of 62,000 children shows both head and burn injuries before the age of two are linked with almost double the risk of ADHD diagnosis by age 10.

It suggests injuries in general are an early sign of ADHD behaviour. The British Medical Journal study may help GPs spot children who need specialist referral, experts said. Previous research has suggested mild brain injury is associated with behavioural changes in children.
Pills

More Children on Drugs Than Ever: Chronic Prescriptions Increase Dramatically

Are your kids on drugs? Did they get them from your doctor? You're not alone. A new study published in the November issue of Pediatrics Journal shows that the trends for chronic medication in children are way up. The three year study found that the number of type 2 diabetes medications prescribed for kids and adolescents more than doubled from 2002 to 2005, with a high prevalence among girls aged 10 to 19. Researchers from the Pediatric Research Institute of St Louis University and the Kansas Health Institute reported that the number of asthma medication prescriptions for children increased 46.5% over the three year study. ADHD medication prescriptions were up over 40%, and girls again accounted for a larger percentage of the increase than boys.
Info

New Study Shows Omega-3s Reduce Appetite

Omega-3 fatty acids can help dieters feel full longer and eat less, according to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Navarra, University of Iceland and University College Cork and published in the journal Appetite.
Attention

XDR-TB: Deadlier and More Mysterious than Ever

New research has found that XDR-TB is increasingly common and more deadly than previously known. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a growing public health threat that is only just beginning to be understood by medical and public health officials.

Patients with XDR-TB are four times as likely to fail treatment and three times more likely to die than patients with other forms of multi-drug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), according to a recent study that directly compared patients with XDR-TB to individuals with other types of MDR-TB to determine the differences in treatment outcomes and long-term survival rates. Researchers also found that MDR-TB was "a major threat to public health," representing 2.7 percent of new TB cases in South Korea in 2004, up from 1.6 percent in 1994.

The results were published in the second issue for November of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, a journal of the American Thoracic Society.
Arrow Down

Steamy mags bad for men's body image, too

Guys who check out the sexy female models in so-called lad magazines such as Maxim have more body-image problems than their pals, a new study finds.
Ambulance

Michigan, US: Hope College closed by norovirus

Shut it down. Wash it down.

That's the order from Ottawa County Health officials after more than 120 Hope College students became ill from a noro-like virus.

The campus health clinic noticed the beginning of the outbreak Thursday. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, all pointing to the highly contagious norovirus. Officials are awaiting tests to determine exactly what virus it is.

But they do know it's very contagious.
Target

New Target In Brain For Treating Schizophrenia Identified

Research from the University of Pittsburgh could expand the options for controlling schizophrenia by identifying a brain region that responds to more than one type of antipsychotic drug. The findings illustrate for the first time that the orbitofrontal cortex could be a promising target for developing future antipsychotic drugs - even those that have very different mechanisms of action.
Heart - Black

Bullies may get kick out of seeing others in pain

CHICAGO - Brain scans of teens with a history of aggressive bullying behavior suggest that they may actually get pleasure out of seeing someone else in pain, U.S. researchers said on Friday.

Comment: One word........'Psychopaths'!

Beer

Binge drinkers 'risking dementia'

Urgent action is needed to prevent Britain heading for a dementia epidemic caused by the nation's binge-drinking culture, experts have warned. Research published in the British Journal of Psychiatry links excessive drinking and a loss of brain tissue.
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