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Microbial companions of both humans and animals are highly specialized

© Credit: © University of Basel
Microorganisms like these bacteria on the skin of a small crustacean are the constant companions of humans and animals. Researchers at the University of Basel were now able to show, that these microbial communities are dominated by species that are highly specialized to their host.
Humans and animals are never alone. Everyone is host to over two thousand different species of microbes, of which most colonize our bodies only after we are born. One would assume that the generalists among them have an advantage. Zoologists have now shown that the opposite is the case. Microbial communities living on humans and animals are mostly dominated by specialists.

It has long been known that almost all organisms have microbial companions. However, only about ten years ago did researchers find out that these bacterial communities are extremely rich in species. Humans and other mammals are often hosts to several thousand species, and even minute organisms like water fleas can carry over one hundred species. This knowledge only became available by the use of genetic methods, that allowed researchers to sequence all genes of a single ecosystem (for example of the human intestine) at once. Data resulting from this method was also analyzed for the new study of the research group of Dieter Ebert, Zoologist from the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Basel.

Comment: MIcrobes have evolved with us over the millennia, shaping human civilization through infection, disease, pandemic. New studies show our pets are colonized with greater relative abundances of Proteobacteria, while people were colonized with greater relative abundances of Firmicutes and Actinobacteria. Humans in households without pets were more similar to each other than humans in pet-owning households, suggesting that companion animals may play a role in microbial transfer.

The human microbiome has the potential to uniquely identify individuals much like a fingerprint. We are our bacteria. Every person is host to about 100 trillion bacterial cells which outnumber human cells 10 to one and account for 99.9 percent of the unique genes in the body. When they go awry they are thought to contribute to chronic diseases and chronic conditions. Every adult body carries two to five pounds of bacteria, and half of the contents of the intestines is microbial biomass.


Health

India finds toxic lead in Nestle Maggi noodles

© Agence France-Presse photo
India is pursuing a $100 million case against the Swiss food giant Nestle over "unfair trade practices." Despite high levels of lead found in Nestle's popular Maggi noodles, a court overturned a national ban, insisting on fresh tests before sales resume.

The official complaint against Nestle involves damages caused by misleading advertisements related to the Maggi noodles product. The lawsuit was filed with the country's top consumer court, the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC), requesting damages of 6,400 million rupees ($98.6 million).

"Our complaint is over their unfair trade practices and the court will now issue them notices to hear their response," AFP quoted Additional Secretary at the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, G. Gurcharan, as saying. The food safety regulator banned Maggi noodles in June, citing unsafe levels of lead, which were found during laboratory tests ordered back in April. The tests also revealed that the flavor enhancing chemical monosodium glutamate, or MSG, is not listed in the product's ingredients.

Comment: See also:


Cult

The "institutional corruption" of Psychiatry: A discussion with the authors of 'Psychiatry Under the Influence'

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What does psychiatry have in common with the US Congress? "Institutional corruption," concludes Psychiatry Under the Influence (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), which investigates how drug company money and psychiatry's own guild interests have corrupted psychiatry during the past 35 years.

Coauthored by investigative reporter Robert Whitaker and psychologist Lisa Cosgrove, the foreword for Psychiatry Under the Influence is written by Harvard Law School professor Lawrence Lessig, who helped create Harvard's Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics' lab on institutional corruption (where both Whitaker and Cosgrove served as fellows).

Whitaker and Cosgrove - as does Lessig - distinguish between "individual" versus "institutional" corruption, between a "bad apple" versus a "bad barrel." In individual corruption, a politician takes an illegal bribe. But in institutional corruption, nothing illegal may be occurring when, for example, politicians raise campaign money via special interest political action committees (PACS). And just as elected officials develop dependency on special interests and become beholden to these funders instead of the citizenry, Whitaker and Cosgrove conclude, the same thing has occurred in psychiatry, which has had its social mission subverted by drug companies as well as by the psychiatry guild's self-preservation and expansionism needs.

Comment: Once again we see how Dr. Andrew M. Lobaczewski's seminal book, Political Ponerology: A Science on the Nature of Evil Adjusted for Political Purposes is applicable to ALL fields of endeavor, not just the political. Authors Whitaker and Cosgrove seem to be approaching a similarly constructive approach to identifying the underlying structural causes for corruption in Psychiatry.

See also: Medical insider: "science has taken a turn towards darkness"


Attention

Much of world's food supply contaminated by highly-acidic mycotoxins from cereals and other grains

Many people are familiar with black mold and certain fungi, but did you know that being exposed to them can have serious side effects - including cancer? What's more, these fungi could be lurking in some common, everyday places that may surprise you.

But, now, let's focus on the concept of mycotoxins and how these poisons can increase your risk of cancer. Mycotoxins are substances produced through the metabolic processes of certain micro fungi. According to the U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information, the most common forms of mycotoxins relevant to humans and animals are: aflatoxin, citrinin, ergot akaloids, fumonisins, ochratoxin A, patulin, trichothecenes, and zearalenone (ZEA).

Comment: Both conventional and organic grain products are equally susceptible to mycotoxin contamination and cooking contaminated grains does not appear to reduce their concentrations. This, in addition to the toxic effects of gluten is yet another reason to avoid cereal grains, altogether.


Airplane

'Urgent' investigation launched into effects of cosmic rays on airplanes

© Alamy
The Government has ordered Public Health England to conduct an 'urgent' investigation into the repercussions of increased radiation caused by a huge explosion of high energy particles from the surface of the sun
Airline passengers could be vulnerable to the effects of cosmic rays from the sun during a massive solar storm, a new report has found.

The Government has ordered Public Health England to conduct an 'urgent' investigation into the repercussions of increased radiation caused by a huge explosion of high energy particles from the surface of the sun.

This comes as a report into the UK's Space Weather Preparedness outlines what needs to be done to cope with a major burst of 'space weather.'

The document produced by the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) states: 'The direct impact on public health from the increased radiation environment, which is most likely to affect the general public if they are travelling by air on trans-oceanic routes during the storm, is assessed to be small.

'However, the work on this area being led by Public Health England needs to be completed urgently.

'That will lead to a report that sets out recommendations for protecting public health from solar radiation.'

Comment: Given increased cosmic rays and radiation, could there be a link to increasing rates of cancer? Are there other health hazards and/or DNA mutations that changing quantities/qualities of cosmic rays are capable of producing? See also:

Solar-system-wide-'climate' change: More galactic cosmic rays are reaching Earth than normal

Cosmic rays: Growing peril for astronauts?


Red Flag

Toxic waste spilled by EPA into river in Colorado reaches New Mexico, leaving communities with 90-day water supply

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© Ruptly
Toxic waste, including arsenic and lead, which seeped into a river in southwest Colorado, has now crossed the state border into New Mexico. More than 550 gallons per minute are entering the water flow system according to the Environmental Protection Agency, which caused the spill.

The agency says it should have the results of samples undergoing lab testing soon, so they can find out just how contaminated the river has become. Aside from lead and arsenic, federal officials say the spill also contains, cadmium, aluminum, copper and calcium.

High levels of arsenic can cause blindness, paralysis and cancer, while lead poisoning can create muscle and vision problems in adults and can be fatal for children.

"We're busting our tails to get that out," Environmental Protection Agency Regional Director Shaun McGrath said, as cited by AP. "We know the importance to people to have this information."


Health

3700: Number of responders and civilians with 9/11 Ground Zero-linked cancer

© www.theeventchronicle.com
Consequences of 9/11: Still taking a deadly toll on the survivors.
The rising toll of Ground Zero responders and others afflicted with 9/11-linked cancers has hit 3,700. The staggering tally of those suffering cancers certified by the feds as 9/11-related includes FDNY members (1,100), cops and other Ground Zero responders (2,134), and survivors such as downtown workers and residents (467). Many have more than one type of cancer.

The FDNY's chief medical officer, Dr. David Prezant, said over 2,100 firefighters and EMS personnel have retired on disability with World Trade Center-related illnesses, mostly lung disease and cancer, since 9/11. "Due to the physical nature of their jobs, these illnesses have had a tremendous impact on our membership and their families," he said in a statement. The grim toll includes 109 FDNY responders who have died from WTC-linked illnesses, 44 of them from cancer.


Comment: Two days after the collapse of the World Trade Center, New York mayor Giuliani said, "The air is safe as far as we can tell, with respect to chemical and biological agents." In the first month after the attacks, the mayor said, "The air quality is safe and acceptable." Consequently, workers worked without proper respirators. They wore painters' masks or no covering. Appropriate protection was not provided to responders nor thousands of volunteers.


Comment: Another source states nearly 70,000 New Yorkers have applied for 9/11 victim compensation, mostly for cancers attributed to direct exposure to ionizing radiation from "nuclear sources." This number includes 10,800 downtown workers and 39,500 Ground Zero responders. Another 16,600 are from residents, students child-care and health-care workers. This is touted as the largest cancer cluster in history, more than Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined (the only other similar spike of multiple myeloma cases). Of the 70,000 victims, over 90% say they were exposed within a one-square-mile area.

There is thought to be a cover-up in that only one death had been "officially reported" (as of May 2014) and only a small number of victims had been compensated. It was noted that the number of cancer deaths has been "classified." Multiple myeloma, the prevalent 9/11 cancer, is known as "the Hiroshima disease" and the official story is victims got it from breathing drywall dust. The US government has denied the Agent Orange dioxin exposure in the Vietnam War, the Gulf War Syndrome, and now 9/11 exposure. Perhaps the victims and statistics speak otherwise.


Beaker

Adverse reactions to Aspartame comprises 75% of complaints to FDA each year

Consider this, out of all the complaints that the FDA receives every single year, adverse reactions to the artificial sweetener aspartame comprises about 75 percent of consumer complaints.

Stop and think about that..........

From 10,000 consumer complaints the FDA compiled a list of 92 Symptoms reported from aspartame use, including death.

Comment: Aspartame is the main sweetener in diet sodas and is one of the most dangerous ingredients used in our food supply, causing seizures and a host of other health issues. For more information about the serious health effects associated with Aspartame consumption and how the FDA suppressed studies about its negative heath effects, see:


Arrow Down

Coca Cola funds non-profit organization to spread obesity disinformation

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© Gary Cameron / Reuters
Coca-Cola has pumped millions of dollars into the founding of a new nonprofit that claims there is "strong evidence" that lack of exercise is mostly to blame for obesity, not poor diet. Coke, the leading producer of soda and sugary drinks across the world, has invested heavily in the Global Energy Balance Network, a nonprofit run by a handful of university scientists who were offered $4 million by Coke to fund various research projects, according to the New York Times.

Halting weight gain should be less about dieting and more about "maintaining an active lifestyle and eating more calories," the group said on its website. The group's proof of this claim comes down to two research papers, both of which end with the same footnote: "The publication of this article was supported by The Coca-Cola Company."

The organization calls itself "the voice of science" on its website. It ultimately bills itself as a "not for profit dedicated to reversing the obesity & chronic disease epidemics through healthy lifestyle behaviors."

Comment: This is clearly not about science, but about a corporation doing what it can to maintain its profit margin at the expense of the general public's health. Nothing can get in the way of a company's bottom line. Despite all the scientific evidence tying obesity with sugar and high fructose corn syrup consumption, Coca-Cola is doing all it can to provide false information in order to enhance profits. It's worth repeating, if a corporation like Coca-Cola were a person, they could easily be labeled a psychopath.


Health

The importance of iodine supplementation during pregnancy

© periodictable.com
One of the most significant and under-consumed minerals today is iodine. It plays an important role in regulating the thyroid gland and metabolism. In pregnancy, iodine also helps your baby's brain and nervous system develop. Iodine deficiencies are one of the most important causes of preventable intellectual disability and brain damage worldwide.

Iodine is found in eggs, vegetables, and seafood (especially ocean or saltwater seafood). The amount of iodine in many types of food varies according to the amount of iodine in the area's soil or water.

Iodine helps brain development, particularly in the womb and first months, and can improve a child's IQ by 1.22 points.

The findings, published in the journal Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, give an economic case for supplementation.