Researchers reviewed 24 studies on the drug modafinil which were carried out between 1990 and 2015 and found that it appeared to improve cognitive function. Some of the studies also showed gains in flexible thinking, increasing ability to combine information or cope with novelty. The drug didn't seem to influence creativity either way.
However, researchers found that improvement wasn't seen every time, on every test, or for every person. They also found that the studies failed to show any enhancement in the areas of attention, learning, and memory.
Comment: Is that improved cognitive function? Its seems to be another method of drugging up and dumbing down the population and creating energizer bunnies who can work, work, work and think a bit.
The meta-analysis was recently published in European Neuropsychopharmacology.
"What emerged was that the longer and the more complex the task ... the more consistently modafinil showed cognitive benefits," said Anna-Katharine Brem, a neuropsychologist at Oxford and one of the paper's authors, in an email to the Atlantic.
Modafinil, like Adderall and Ritalin, is increasingly being used by college students and adults who don't suffer from ADHD or sleep disorders, but are searching for greater productivity. The drugs work by increasing the brain's level of dopamine and norepinephrine to boost concentration and alertness.
Comment: All in pursuit of the illusory American dream.