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Bizarro Earth

Getting more fracking obvious: Study shows hydraulic fracturing linked to earthquakes in Ohio

Fracking, global frackdown day
© ap

Hydraulic fracturing triggered a series of small earthquakes
in 2013 on a previously unmapped fault in Harrison County, Ohio, according to a study published in the journal Seismological Research Letters.

Nearly 400 small earthquakes occurred between Oct. 1 and Dec. 13, 2013, including 10 "positive" magnitude earthquake, none of which were reported felt by the public. The 10 positive magnitude earthquakes, which ranged from magnitude 1.7 to 2.2, occurred between Oct. 2 and 19, coinciding with hydraulic fracturing operations at nearby wells.

This series of earthquakes is the first known instance of seismicity in the area.

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is a method for extracting gas and oil from shale rock by injecting a high-pressure water mixture directed at the rock to release the gas inside. The process of hydraulic fracturing involves injecting water, sand and chemicals into the rock under high pressure to create cracks. The process of cracking rocks results in micro-earthquakes. Hydraulic fracturing usually creates only small earthquakes, ones that have magnitude in the range of negative 3 (−3) to negative 1 (-1).

"Hydraulic fracturing has the potential to trigger earthquakes, and in this case, small ones that could not be felt, however the earthquakes were three orders of magnitude larger than normally expected," said Paul Friberg, a seismologist with Instrumental Software Technologies, Inc. (ISTI) and a co-author of the study.

Comment: see also here and here for more evidence linking fracking to increased seismic activity.

Comet 2

Cosmic COINTELPRO: Baiting chemtrails conspiracy theorists with straw men


Increasingly persistent airplane condensation trails, which CorpGov does not want people to notice
The chemtrails conspiracy theory has been circulating for a while among the same sorts of people who believe that 9/11 was an inside job and celebrities are being controlled by the CIA. In brief, chemtrail enthusiasts think that those white trails of vapor you see pouring out of planes are actually nasty chemical or biological agents that governments are using to geo-engineer the weather, create a vast electromagnetic super-weapon, control the population, or - well, you get the idea. There's no science or proof whatsoever behind this, but plenty of people are still willing to entertain this vaguely supervillain-esque notion.

On October 1, Chris Bovey - a 41-year-old from Devon, England - thought he'd troll the chemtrails camp. During a flight from Buenos Aires to the UK, his plane had to make an emergency landing in São Paulo and dumped excess fuel to lighten the load. Since he had a window seat, Chris decided to film all the liquid being sprayed out of the wing next to him.

Chris Bovey

Comment: Yes indeed, chemtrails are a dead end.

And what that dead end is concealing is FAR more revealing:

Chemtrails? Contrails? Strange Skies

Chemtrails, Disinformation and the Sixth Extinction

Excerpt from Earth Changes and the Human-Cosmic Connection, published by Red Pill Press:
So-called 'chemtrails' are often described as evidence of aerosol spraying of anthropogenic toxic substances on a mass scale from high altitudes as part of a government plot to poison the population.1 This is claimed in spite of the fact that far simpler and more efficient means of delivering toxic substances to masses of people have long existed (and been applied), such as the fluoridation of 'drinking' water,2 the genetic manipulation of the food supply3 and the nuclear explosions conducted around our planet4, just to name a few.

It should also be pointed out that high-altitude spraying is an extremely inaccurate delivery method. Permanent winds at this altitude (about seven miles up) can reach hundreds of miles per hour and aerosols can take up to two years5 to reach Earth's surface.6 So, when you spray from airliner cruising altitude, you can't know where and when the released aerosols will land, and you might actually end up spraying yourself.

That being said, there is evidence that the ruling elites in various countries have, indeed, conducted aerial spraying of toxic substances, but these were low-altitude spraying that allowed greater control over where and when the agent would reach the ground. For example, the CIA sprayed infectious agents over Cuba:
Fort Detrick SO [Special Operations] Division microbiologists assisted in several covert attacks against rural and agricultural areas in Cuba. These attacks involved aerial spraying with swine flu virus, dengue, and other lethal infectious agents. As a result, hundreds of farm animals and several humans died.7
High-altitude spraying has also been tested by releasing sulfur dioxide and other aerosols for the purpose of cloud-seeding8, but this doesn't require control over the time and location of the landing and has been shown to be generally ineffective.

Another factor that makes the 'chemtrails' theory iffy at best is the 'evidence' collected by proponents of the theory. They point to high levels of aluminum, barium and strontium found in ground and water samples.

Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the Earth's crust. Every year about 100 million tons of aluminum is produced.9 It is extensively used in the car industry, plane industry, boat industry, building industry, etc. From this perspective, it's not surprising to find high levels of aluminum in most if not all ground and water samples. Such levels do not imply that this aluminum comes from jet spraying.

Barium10 is found in nature as a free element.11 It is used for numerous industrial applications: glassmaking,12 fluorescent lamps, and screens.13 Barium is also used as an 'atmospheric aerosol spray for enhancing/refracting the signaling of radio/radar waves along military jet flight paths, missile test ranges.'14 So toxicology results indicating high levels of barium in some water sources near barium production and usage sites are hardly surprising.

Finally, strontium is a natural element, the 15th most common element on Earth. It is also massively produced (about 300,000 tons a year15) and used in screens for TVs, computers and phones. In addition, one radioactive isotope of strontium, called strontium 90, is present in radioactive fallout. Since 1945, 2,051 nuclear explosions have occurred on planet Earth.16 Many of these explosions happened in the atmosphere and were conducted in places as far apart as the Pacific Islands, China, the US, Algeria, Australia, Russia and Kazakhstan. Thus it is not surprising to find high levels of strontium (radioactive or not) all over the planet.

In short, there are numerous industrial sources of the elements claimed to be evidence of 'chemtrail spraying of populations.'

Contrails have been observed since WWI, when bombers managed to reach high enough altitudes for cold air to allow contrails to form.17 The phenomenon was so obvious that bomber pilots complained that contrails were giving away their position.18 Chemtrailers claim that 'chemtrails' are thicker and longer lasting compared to contrails. So, basically the only valid piece of evidence brought by 'chemtrailers' is the fact that jet planes did not previously leave any persistent and thick condensation trails behind them and now they do. This observation is in fact valid. Indeed, around the end of the 1990s, something changed and thicker contrails started being observed more frequently. Incidentally, the term 'chemtrails' was first introduced by journalist William Thomas in 1997.19

A condensation trail, or contrail, is the result of the condensation of jet fumes. Here, unlike noctilucent clouds, atmospheric dust doesn't play a major role since jet engines already release massive quantities of particles,20 particularly sulfur molecules21 that are some of the most efficient condensation nuclei.22

However, temperature plays a major role. The cooler the ambient air, the stronger and longer lasting the condensation. The cruising altitude for an airliner is about 10 km (7 mi), this is just below the stratosphere,23 which has cooled down "by several degrees since 2002".24
© Climate Change Blog adapted by sott.net
Temperature of the stratosphere over the period 1948-2011. At the beginning of the century (green vertical line), the temperature of the stratosphere started to decrease.

Far from the conspiracy theory proposed by the 'chemtrailers', data strongly suggests that persistent contrails are a direct consequence of the cooling of the stratosphere, a far more troubling state of affairs than 'chemtrails' released in the upper atmosphere, where the high winds make it unlikely that anything released in a given location will filter to the ground anywhere near a 'targeted' location, or anytime soon.

[...]

By attributing the cause of these cosmically-induced events to humans, the elites maintain the illusion that they are, at least to some degree, in control; if they are causing it, then theoretically, at least, they could stop it.

'Chemtrails' can be stopped if enough people petition the world's governments to cease the 'sprayings', missile tests covering up for incoming comet fragments and meteor fireballs can be stopped if military budgets are reigned in, global warming can be reduced by controlling man-made greenhouse gas emissions, and global dimming will vanish if we stop polluting the atmosphere. The message behind all the chemtrails COINTELPRO is: 'man is in control and all is right with the world'.


Increased 'meteor smoke', cosmic rays, volcanic dust and cooling stratosphere are changing the chemical composition of the SKY, not the contrails coming out of jets.
However, contrails triggered by increased cometary activity, overhead cometary explosions, cosmically-induced weather disruptions and the accumulation of cometary dust in the atmosphere cannot be changed by the elites, even if just theoretically. The intimation that the cosmos is threatening the survival of humanity is a stress too intense to be borne by most people.

Even if 'chemtrails', global warming and missile tests are not actually stopped in practice, the very idea that they can be stopped is enough to invite people to continue supporting the illusion of control, wishfully thinking that all it will take is a public awareness campaign, new elections, political advocacy, protests, the scapegoating of 'guilty parties', etc. But it's all a lie, and if the public realizes this, the only place their stressed brains can go for relief is to think that 'the gods are angry' and, collectively, to try to find the real reason. Again and again throughout history, this has resulted in the masses coming to the conclusion that the 'gods' are angry because of the corruption and violence perpetrated by the elites in their efforts to get and maintain greater power.
  1. Svensmark, H., Calder, N., The Chilling Star, p.76-77
  2. Haigh, J D., 'Climate variability and the influence of the sun', Science, 2001, 294: 2109 - 2111
  3. Steiger, B. & Steiger, S., Conspiracies and Secret Societies: The Complete Dossier, p.91-93
  4. 'Fluorine Compounds Make you Stupid - Why is the Government not merely allowing, but promoting them?', Sott.net, 4 February 2008
  5. Renter, E. 'Another Study Finds GMO Compounds in 100% of Pregnant Women and Fetuses', Activist Post, 27 October 2012
  6. Since 1945, more than 2,000 nuclear explosions have been conducted. Their total yield is estimated to be approximately 510 megatons, equivalent to about 40,000 Hiroshima-size atomic bombs.
    See: 'General overview of the effects of nuclear testing', CTBTO
  7. 'Atmospheric aerosols: what are they and why are they so important', NASA, August 1996
  8. Fall speed can also be drastically reduced because of electromagnetic forces exerted on the particles. See chapter 26: 'Hurricanes, lightning and tornadoes'.
  9. Albarelli, H.P., A Secret Order, p.13
  10. Steiger, B. & Steiger, S., Conspiracies and Secret Societies: The Complete Dossier, p.105-107
  11. 'List of countries by aluminium production', Wikipedia
  12. 'Barium', Wikipedia
  13. It makes up 0.0425% of Earth's crust.
  14. Lide, D., (2004). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, p.4
  15. Ullman, F., Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Wiley-VCH
  16. Purdey, M., 'Chronic barium intoxication disrupts sulphated proteoglycan synthesis: a hypothesis for the origins of multiple sclerosis', Medical Hypotheses, 2004, 62(5):746-54
  17. 'Strontium', Wikipedia
  18. 'International Day Against Nuclear Tests: Translating Words Into Action', Arms Control Association, 2 September 2011
  19. About 33,000 feet, the altitude at which airliners fly today.
  20. Steiger, B. & Steiger, S., Conspiracies and Secret Societies: The Complete Dossier, p.98
  21. Eden, D., 'Chemtrails, what's going on?', Viewzone, July 2013
  22. 15,000 particles / cm3 vs. background concentration equal to 6-18 particles / cm3
    See: Fahey et al., 'Emission Measurements of the Concorde Supersonic Aircraft in the Lower Stratosphere', Science, 6 October 1995, Vol. 270 no. 5233 pp. 70-74
  23. Panel on Atmospheric Effects of Aviation, Atmospheric Effects of Aviation: 'A Review of NASA's Subsonic Assessment Project', p. 14
  24. Svensmark H. & Calder N., The Chilling Star, 2007, pp.126-131
  25. The stratosphere covers the 20-50 km altitude range.
  26. Laštovička J. et al., 'Global Change in the Upper Atmosphere', Science, 24 November 2006, Vol. 314 no. 5803 pp. 1253-1254


Question

'Alien' sea creature with 100 arms caught by fisherman, Singapore


Bizarre: The unusual creature appears to have over 100 tentacle-like arms

The unknown species resembles an octopus but appears to have up to 100 moving tentacle-like arms

This bizarre-looking 'alien' creature was caught by a deep sea fisherman in Singapore.

Ong Han Boon, 54, was at his favourite fishing spot on the island of Sentosa where he cast his line with the hope of catching a fresh tasty treat for lunch.

As he settled down with a few cans of his favourite beer, he noticed a pull, but he never expected what came up out of the sea.

He said: "I spotted the line going up and down, and feeling a bit peckish I got quite excited as I hauled it in.

"But when I pulled it out of the water I was completely flummoxed by what I was looking at."

Bizarro Earth

Ashen footprints may point to explosive future for Hawaii's Kilauea volcano

© Don Swanson
Footprints preserved in Kilauea volcano ash deposits.
Thousands of human footprints cast in ash at Hawaii's Kilauea volcano are the final steps of people killed in a 1790 phreatic eruption - the same kind of unpredictable blast that caught hikers at Japan's Mount Ontake volcano in late September.

The footprints are evidence that the goddess Pele's reputation for power and ferocity were well-earned in the past, even though Kilauea is a tourist's volcano today. From about 1500 to 1800, Kilauea hurled mighty ash plumes into the jet stream and heaved huge rocks out of its deep caldera, the crater at the volcano's summit. And geologist Don Swanson thinks another round of violent eruptions will happen again.

"Too often, geologists and the general public view Kilauea as safe. It's just a stage that you come to and view a performance of great beauty," said Swanson, a geologist and former director of the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. "I hope that people realize Kilauea is not that way at all. Kilauea is an explosive volcano, and when it gets into an explosive period it can be life-threatening."
Bizarro Earth

4 Northern California faults primed for major earthquakes


In this Aug. 24, 2014, file photo, pedestrians examine a crumbling facade following an earthquake at the Vintner's Collective tasting room in Napa, Calif.
Three fault segments running beneath Northern California and its roughly 15 million people are overdue for a major earthquake, including one section that lies near the dams and canals that supply much of the state's water, according to a geological study published Monday.

The three fault segments and one other in the region are loaded with enough tension to produce quakes of magnitude 6.8 or greater, according to a geological study published Monday.

They include the little-known Green Valley fault, which lies near key dams and aqueducts northeast of San Francisco. Underestimated by geologists until now, the fault running between the cities of Napa and Fairfield is primed for a magnitude-7.1 quake, according to researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey and San Francisco State University.

The water supplies of the San Francisco Bay Area, Southern California and the farm-rich Central Valley depend on the man-made water system that links to the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers, noted James Lienkaemper, the U.S. Geological Survey geologist who was lead author of the study. The Green Valley fault is last believed to have ruptured sometime in the 1600s.
Cloud Lightning

2 dead and nearly 100 injured as Typhoon Vongfong slams Japan

© REUTERS/Kyodo
Waves crash as Typhoon Vongfong approaches Japan's main islands in Kuroshio Town, Kochi prefecture, in this photo taken by Kyodo October 12, 2014.
A powerful storm that battered Japan with high winds and torrential rain, and killed two people, headed off out over the Pacific on Tuesday and was downgraded to a tropical depression. Typhoon Vongfong, at one point the strongest storm to hit Japan this year, was on Tuesday afternoon off the coast of the Tohoku region devastated by a 2011 earthquake and tsunami, the Japan Meteorological Agency said.

After the storm passed through western Japan, a 90-year-old man in was found dead in a field irrigation ditch, while a 72-year-old man drowned. Another person was missing and nearly 100 people were injured.

Vongfong brought heavy rain to Tokyo through the night and snarled traffic across much of the country on the last day of a three-day holiday weekend. More than 600 flights were canceled nationwide on Monday and more than 60 cancellations were expected on Tuesday, the NHK broadcaster said.
Attention

Body of hunter killed by bear located in Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia

A 41-year-old hunter from Kurjinovo got lost in the Petushinka forest yesterday. His body was found near Damkhurts (Urupsky District, Karachay-Cherkessia), the body of a bear with bullet holes was found a few steps away, Interfax-South reports.

According to preliminary studies, the man shot the bear but the bullet only injured the animal. The bleeding animal became enraged and killed the hunter, dying of the injury later.
Attention

Bear kills oil worker in the Tyumen region, Russia

The tragedy happened on an oil field at Ust-teguss in the Tyumen region. The worker had returned to a place of work to pick up his tools. At the same time from the forest nearby a bear approached. It attacked the man and dragged him into the woods.

As outlined by friends of the deceased electrician Igor Yarysheva, the 33-year-old male had returned to his workplace to pick up his forgotten tools. He had asked his friend to take him. He later went to a pylon, located 40 metres from the road and the parked auto. After a few minutes the driver had heard cries and a crash.

When he turned around, he saw a terrible picture. The bear had dragged the frightened Igor from the tower he had climbed up, hoping to escape. Screams came from other witnesses. The workers wanted to save their colleague by screaming and carrying on, trying to distract the bear but this did not achieve the desired result and the predator dragged Igor Yarysheva into the woods.
Ice Cube

Ice ages happen far more often than previously thought: Scientists surprised to discover Scotland had glaciers until relatively recently

© Martin Kirkbride
Snow blankets Scotland's Cairngorm Mountains.
The last glacier in Scotland may have melted within the last 400 years, not 11,500 years ago as previously believed, new research finds.

The Cairngorm Mountains of eastern Scotland are the snowiest part of the Scottish Highlands even today. But previous studies of rocks from around the United Kingdom suggested that the last glaciers vanished from the region after about 11,500 years ago, when a cold period called the Younger Dryas ended.

"Conventional wisdom is that's when Scotland had its last glaciers," said study researcher Martin Kirkbride, a senior lecturer at the University of Dundee. The new study reveals that a later cold snap brought glaciers back to the land.

The last glacier

Kirkbride discovered Scotland's last glacier inadvertently while doing fieldwork with undergraduate students in the Cairngorms. One student was working on a project about how avalanches moved debris down the mountain slopes, and the researchers were curious about where the boulders they saw littering the bottom of the hills came from. They hiked up the slope and found ridges of boulders bordering a large slab of granite.

Comment: It appears that these researchers should talk to their colleagues, who found this summer the prestage for glacier formation at Mt. Ben Nevis:

Another sign of impending Ice Age? Glacier-like hazards discovered during the summer on Ben Nevis, Scotland
A team of climbers and scientists investigating the mountain's North Face said snowfields remained in many gullies and upper scree slopes.

On these fields, they have come across compacted, dense, ice hard snow call neve.

Neve is the first stage in the formation of glaciers, the team said.

The team has also encountered sheets of snow weighing hundreds of tonnes and tunnels and fissures known as bergschrunds.

The large, deep cracks in the ice are found at the top of glaciers.

The team of mountaineers, geologists and botanists is recording wildlife and rock forms on the North Face.

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), Midland Valley Exploration and the Nevis Partnership, an organisation based at Torlundy, near Fort William, are involved in the three-year project.

So far, many new populations of rare fauna such as highland saxifrage, tufted saxifrage and wavy meadow grass have been recorded.


Bizarro Earth

El Salvador magnitude 7.4 temblor strikes off coast

A powerful earthquake hit late Monday off the Pacific coast of El Salvador, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. The temblor was recorded about 66 miles south-southeast of the city of Usulutan with a preliminary magnitude of 7.4

An earlier report from the NWS Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said "hazardous tsunami waves" were possible along the coasts of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador. That report was later amended to note that there was "no longer a tsunami threat."

The USGS also issued a "yellow alert" for possible shaking-related fatalities and economic losses. Wilfredo Salgado, mayor of the city of San Miguel in El Salvador, said on his Twitter account that a man was killed when an electricity post fell on him. He also posted images of damage in the area:
© Will Salgado via Twitter
Grandes roca obstruyen gran parte de carretera entre Santiago de María y Alegría, Usulután; es en curva El Cuyapo pic.twitter.com/hRwMNtAzp7”
Additional images
USGS data
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